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Structural and functional diversity of voltage-gated Kv1-type potassium channels in rat brain is enhanced by the association of two different types of subunits, the membrane-bound, poreforming alpha-subunits and a peripheral beta-subunit. We have cloned a beta-subunit (Kv beta 1) that is specifically expressed in the rat nervous system. Association of Kv(More)
Tissue expression and distribution of the high-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K+ channel Slo was investigated in rat brain by immunocytochemistry, in situ hybridization, and radioligand binding using the novel high-affinity (Kd 22 pM) ligand [3H]iberiotoxin-D19C ([3H]IbTX-D19C), which is an analog of the selective maxi-K peptidyl blocker IbTX. A(More)
A large variety of potassium channels is involved in regulating integration and transmission of electrical signals in the nervous system. Different types of neurons, therefore, require specific patterns of potassium channel subunits expression and specific regulation of subunit coassembly into heteromultimeric channels, as well as subunit-specific sorting(More)
A rat brain cDNA (Raw3) related to the Drosophila Shaw K+ channel family has been characterized. Raw3 cRNA leads to the formation of TEA-insensitive, fast inactivating (A-type) K+ channels when injected into Xenopus laevis oocytes. Raw3 channels have markedly different properties from the previously cloned rat A-type K+ channel RCK4, Raw3 channels operate(More)
Previously, we characterized a Shaker-related family of voltage-gated potassium channels (RCK) in rat brain. Now, we describe a second family of voltage-gated potassium channels in the rat nervous system. This family is related to the Drosophila Shaw gene and has been dubbed Raw. In contrast to the RCK potassium channel family the Raw family utilizes(More)
We have cloned a mammalian (rat) homologue of Drosophila ether á go-go (eag) cDNA, which encodes a distinct type of voltage activated potassium (K) channel. The derived Drosophila and rat eag polypeptides share > 670 amino acids, with a sequence identity of 61%, exhibiting a high degree of similarity at the N-terminus, the hydrophobic core including the(More)
In the female reproductive tract, mammalian sperm undergo a regulated sequence of prefusion changes that "prime" sperm for fertilization. Among the least understood of these complex processes are the molecular mechanisms that underlie sperm guidance by environmental chemical cues. A "hard-wired" Ca(2+) signaling strategy that orchestrates specific motility(More)
Soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) is a key signal-transduction enzyme activated by nitric oxide (NO). Impairments of the NO-sGC signaling pathway have been implicated in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular and other diseases. Direct stimulation of sGC represents a promising therapeutic strategy particularly for the treatment of pulmonary hypertension (PH), a(More)
A novel potassium channel beta-subunit (Kv beta 3) was cloned from rat brain being the third member of a Kv beta subunit gene family. It is a protein of 403 amino acid residues with a 68% amino acid sequence homology to Kv beta 1.1. Kv beta 3 is primarily expressed in rat brain having a distribution distinct to those of Kv beta 1.1 and Kv beta 2. This(More)
Conventional drug design embraces the "one gene, one drug, one disease" philosophy. Polypharmacology, which focuses on multi-target drugs, has emerged as a new paradigm in drug discovery. The rational design of drugs that act via polypharmacological mechanisms can produce compounds that exhibit increased therapeutic potency and against which resistance is(More)