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The patterns of synonymous codon usage in 91 Drosophila melanogaster genes have been examined. Codon usage varies strikingly among genes. This variation is associated with differences in G+C content at silent sites, but (unlike the situation in mammalian genes) these differences are not correlated with variation in intron base composition and so are not(More)
SUMMARY TOPALi is a new Java graphical analysis application that allows the user to identify recombinant sequences within a DNA multiple alignment (either automatically or via manual investigation). TOPALi allows a choice of three statistical methods to predict the positions of breakpoints due to past recombination. The breakpoint predictions are then used(More)
SUMMARY Tablet is a lightweight, high-performance graphical viewer for next-generation sequence assemblies and alignments. Supporting a range of input assembly formats, Tablet provides high-quality visualizations showing data in packed or stacked views, allowing instant access and navigation to any region of interest, and whole contig overviews and data(More)
The potato genome sequence derived from the Solanum tuberosum Group Phureja clone DM1-3 516 R44 provides unparalleled insight into the genome composition and organisation of this important crop. A key class of genes that comprises the vast majority of plant resistance (R) genes contains a nucleotide-binding and leucine-rich repeat domain, and is(More)
UNLABELLED TOPALi v2 simplifies and automates the use of several methods for the evolutionary analysis of multiple sequence alignments. Jobs are submitted from a Java graphical user interface as TOPALi web services to either run remotely on high-performance computing clusters or locally (with multiple cores supported). Methods available include model(More)
MOTIVATION The Dss statistic was proposed by McGuire et al. (Mol. Biol. Evol., 14, 1125-1131, 1997) for scanning data sets for the presence of recombination, an important step in some phylogenetic analyses. The statistic, however, could not distinguish well between among-site rate variation and recombination, and had no statistical test for significant(More)
The genetic code is degenerate, but alternative synonymous codons are generally not used with equal frequency. Since the pioneering work of Grantham's group it has been apparent that genes from one species often share similarities in codon frequency; under the "genome hypothesis" there is a species-specific pattern to codon usage. However, it has become(More)
* Here, the diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi was determined in a boreal herb-rich coniferous forest in relation to environmental variables. * Root samples of five plant species (Fragaria vesca, Galeobdolon luteum, Hepatica nobilis, Oxalis acetosella and Trifolium pratense) were analysed from stands differing in age and forest management(More)
Current phylogenetic tree reconstruction methods assume that there is a single underlying tree topology for all sites along the sequence. The presence of mosaic sequences due to recombination violates this assumption and will cause phylogenetic methods to give misleading results due to the imposition of a single tree topology on all sites. The detection of(More)
This paper proposes a graphical method for detecting interspecies recombination in multiple alignments of DNA sequences. A fixed-size window is moved along a given DNA sequence alignment. For every position, the marginal posterior probability over tree topologies is determined by means of a Markov chain Monte Carlo simulation. Two probabilistic divergence(More)