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Adaptive features of innate immunity, recently described as "trained immunity," have been documented in plants, invertebrate animals, and mice, but not yet in humans. Here we show that bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination in healthy volunteers led not only to a four- to sevenfold increase in the production of IFN-γ, but also to a twofold enhanced(More)
Alpha-dystroglycanopathies such as Walker Warburg syndrome represent an important subgroup of the muscular dystrophies that have been related to defective O-mannosylation of alpha-dystroglycan. In many patients, the underlying genetic etiology remains unsolved. Isolated muscular dystrophy has not been described in the congenital disorders of glycosylation(More)
BACKGROUND Treg based immunotherapy is of great interest to facilitate tolerance in autoimmunity and transplantation. For clinical trials, it is essential to have a clinical grade Treg isolation protocol in accordance with Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) guidelines. To obtain sufficient Treg for immunotherapy, subsequent ex vivo expansion might be needed.(More)
The myelodysplastic syndromes are a group of clonal hematopoietic stem cell diseases characterized by cytopenia(s), dysplasia in one or more cell lineages and increased risk of evolution to acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Recent advances in immunophenotyping of hematopoietic progenitor and maturing cells in dysplastic bone marrow point to a useful role for(More)
Ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder with multisystem involvement and cancer predisposition, caused by mutations in the A-T mutated (ATM) gene. To study genotype-phenotype correlations, we evaluated the clinical and laboratory data of 51 genetically proven A-T patients, and additionally measured ATM protein(More)
We investigated the cytotoxic effect of the cell cycle-specific agent cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C) on clonogenic leukemic and normal bone marrow cells. To overcome kinetic resistance and to increase cytotoxicity, the cells were exposed to Ara-C in liquid culture medium for extended time periods, that is, 5 and 10 days. Subsequently the number of surviving(More)
In this prospective study we analyzed pre-emptive donor leukocyte infusions (DLI) in 82 consecutive patients transplanted with partially T cell-depleted grafts for acute myeloid leukemia, acute lymphoid leukemia, chronic myeloid leukemia, refractory anemia with excess of blasts, refractory anemia with excess of blasts in transformation and multiple myeloma.(More)
To characterize the immunological effects of various lipids that are applied as part of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) formulations, we analyzed phenotypical changes in leukocytes following lipid exposure. Importantly, the study was performed with whole blood in order to prevent the functional changes that are induced by isolation procedures. Briefly,(More)
Using red cell phenotyping (RCP) and/or cytogenetics (CYT) we identified 19 patients with persisting mixed chimerism (MC) among 231 patients transplanted with partially T cell-depleted stem cell grafts from HLA-identical siblings. Persisting MC is defined as MC for more than 2 years in patients without any evidence of relapse. Median leukemia-free survival(More)
Severe combined immunodeficiencies (SCID) are commonly fatal early in life. Adequate diagnosis and rapid institution of treatment, such as allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT), is essential. Several studies demonstrated that reconstitution of B-cell function after SCT is better in B-positive SCID than in B-negative SCID. We demonstrate that B-cell(More)