Frank Vittimberga

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OBJECTIVE The authors review studies relating to the immune responses evoked by laparoscopic surgery. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Laparoscopic surgery has gained rapid acceptance based on clinical grounds. Patients benefit from faster recovery, decreased pain, and quicker return to normal activities. Only more recently have attempts been made to identify the(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic mutations found in pancreatic cancer (K-ras, p16, p53) lead to inappropriate cellular proliferation. Mitogens stimulate proliferation via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)- and/or the p44/42-mitogen-activated protein kinase [p44/42-MAPK or extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)] signaling pathways. We examined whether(More)
INTRODUCTION Tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha)-induced apoptosis is limited by its coactivation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB)-dependent anti-apoptotic genes. Sodium salicylate (NaSal) inhibits NF-kappaB activation by limiting phosphorylation and degradation of its bound inhibitor protein, IkappaB-alpha. We examined whether NaSal enhances(More)
Activation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is associated with cell growth and transformation. Both transforming growth factor-α (TGF-α) and epidermal growth factor bind to and activate EGFR. We studied the expression of TGF-α and two EGFRs (HER-1 and HER-2) in gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs) of the stomach (n=9) and small intestine (n=6)(More)
A 42-year-old woman was found to have intravenous leiomyomatosis of the uterus with extension into the inferior vena cava and right atrium. Intravenous leiomyomatosis is a rare neoplastic disease characterized by invasion of venous channels by a benign smooth muscle tumor arising either from the wall of a vessel or from a uterine myoma. Intracardiac(More)
INTRODUCTION Transcriptional activation of the TNF-alpha gene in LPS-stimulated macrophages is dependent upon nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-kappaB) activity. Salicylates may interfere with NF-kappaB activity through a MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase)-dependent process. These studies investigate the effects of sodium salicylate (NaSal) on TNF-alpha(More)
Background: Evidence tends to support a relative preservation of the systemic immune response with laparoscopy as compared with laparotomy. However, the role of hepatic macrophages, or Kupffer cells, in modulating this immune advantage is unknown. This study investigated the functions of Kupffer cells after either laparoscopy or laparotomy in a rat model.(More)
Adenocarcinoma of the pancreas carries a grave prognosis for affected patients. Certain oncogenes (K-ras and HER-2/neu) are mutated in a large proportion of these aggressive tumors. Adenocarcinoma of the pancreas has also been associated with loss of tumor suppressor genes (p53, DPC4, p16/MTS), either by deletion or by mutation and loss of function. Growth(More)
Fluorophor and biotin derivatives of dopamine agonist and antagonist drugs were synthesized and evaluated for binding affinity and selectivity at D1 and D2 dopamine receptors in membranes prepared from monkey (Macaca fascicularis) caudate putamen. Binding was measured using [3H]SCH 23390 to label D1 receptors and [3H]spiperone to label D2 receptors. The(More)