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BACKGROUND A variety of pathologic stimuli lead to apoptosis of cardiomyocytes. Survival factors like insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) exert anti-apoptotic effects in the heart. Yet the(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia in clinical practice. The substrate of AF is composed of a complex interplay between structural and functional(More)