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Gonadal failure induces bone loss while obesity prevents it. This raises the possibility that bone mass, body weight, and gonadal function are regulated by common pathways. To test this hypothesis, we studied leptin-deficient and leptin receptor-deficient mice that are obese and hypogonadic. Both mutant mice have an increased bone formation leading to high(More)
Although Wnt signaling is considered a key regulatory pathway for bone formation, inactivation of β-catenin in osteoblasts does not affect their activity but rather causes increased osteoclastogenesis due to insufficient production of osteoprotegerin (Opg). By monitoring the expression pattern of all known genes encoding Wnt receptors in mouse tissues and(More)
Postmenopausal osteoporosis is characterized by declining estrogen levels, and estrogen replacement therapy has been proven beneficial for preventing bone loss in affected women. While the physiological functions of estrogen in bone, primarily the inhibition of bone resorption, have been studied extensively, the effects of pharmacological estrogen(More)
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