Learn More
The rapid accumulation of knowledge on apoptosis regulation in the 1990s was followed by the development of several experimental anticancer- and anti-ischaemia (stroke or myocardial infarction) drugs. Activation of apoptotic pathways or the removal of cellular apoptotic inhibitors has been suggested to aid cancer therapy and the inhibition of apoptosis was(More)
Obesity is associated with both structural and functional changes of the central nervous system. While gray matter alterations in obesity point to a consistent reduction with increasing body mass index (BMI), volumetric changes in white matter are more complex and less conclusive. Hence, more recently, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has been employed as a(More)
A series of ultrashort lipopeptides and lipopeptoids were tested for their ability to induce cytokine production in macrophages. Fourteen compounds were found to strongly induce production of chemokines Groα and IL-8, with a structural bias that was absent from previous antibacterial activity investigations. Compounds based on LysGlyLys and NLysGlyNLys(More)
BACKGROUND Cationic antimicrobial peptides (CAMPs) are attractive scaffolds for the next generation of antimicrobial compounds, due to their broad spectrum of activity against multi-drug resistant bacteria and the reduced fitness of CAMP-insensitive mutants. Unfortunately, they are limited by poor in vivo performance, including ready cleavage by endogenous(More)
Investigating the effect of lipid hydrophobicity on the activity of amphiphilic neomycin B conjugates, six polycationic amphiphiles (PAs) were created. Four of the new compounds incorporated either palmitic or arachidic di-lipid lysine tails, while two had single fluorinated undecanoic acid tails. The basicity of half of the compounds was increased through(More)
Stereocontrolled syntheses of biotin-labeled oligosaccharide portions containing the Galβ1-3GalNAc core of the TES-glycoprotein antigen obtained from larvae of the parasite Toxocara and their analogues have been accomplished. Trisaccharides Fuc2Meα1-2Gal4Meβ1-3GalNAcα1-OR (A), Fucα1-2Gal4Meβ1-3GalNAcα1-OR (B), Fuc2Meα1-2Galβ1-3GalNAcα1-OR (C),(More)
The novel glycosphingolipid, β-D-GalNAcp(1-->4)[α-D-Fucp(1-->3)]-β-D-GlcNAcp(1-->)Cer (A), isolated from the marine sponge Aplysinella rhax has a unique structure, with D-fucose and N-acetyl-D-galactosamine moieties attached to a reducing-end N-acetyl-D-glucosamine through an α1-->3 and β1-->4 linkage, respectively. We synthesized glycolipid 1 and some(More)
Peptides present an attractive scaffold for the development of new anticancer lead agents due to their accessibility and ease of modification. Synthetic ultrashort cationic lipopeptides, with four amino acids or less conjugated to a fatty acid, were developed to retain the biological activity of longer peptides in a smaller molecular size. Herein, we report(More)
Taking a minimalistic approach in efforts to lower the cost for the development of new synthetic antimicrobial peptides, ultrashort cationic lipopeptides were designed to mimic the amphiphilic nature crucial for their activity but with only a very short peptide sequence ligated to a lipidic acid. Nine ultrashort cationic lipopeptides were prepared to study(More)
1-O-Hexadecyl-2-O-methyl-3-O-(2'-amino-2'-deoxy-β-D-glucopyranosyl)-sn-glycerol (1) was previously reported to show potent in vitro antitumor activity on a range of cancer cell lines derived from breast, pancreas and prostate cancer. This compound was not toxic to mice and was inactive against breast tumor xenografts in mice. This inactivity was attributed(More)
  • 1