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Paratuberculosis, an infectious disease of domestic and wild ruminants caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (Map), is an economically important disease in dairy herds worldwide. In Chile the disease has been reported in domestic and wildlife animals. However, accurate and updated estimations of the herd-prevalence in cattle at national or(More)
The species Campylobacter fetus is divided into the subspecies C. fetus subsp. venerealis and C. fetus subsp. fetus, which differ in their epidemiologies and clinical importance. The differences between these subspecies make accurate distinction between the two essential. First, the value of seven key tests for the traditional differentiation of C. fetus(More)
Diagnosis of primary spindle cell tumors of the spleen is challenging because of the limited immunologic and cytogenetic characterization of this rare entity. We report a case of primary follicular dendritic cell (FDC) sarcoma of the spleen in a 44-year-old woman. Indications for FDC included positive staining for CD21, Ki-M4P, CD14, and fascin. Expression(More)
The ability to colonize the chicken gut was determined for 17 Campylobacter jejuni strains of human and bovine origin. The level of colonization varied according to the strain used for experimental infection. Two Campylobacter isolates from patients suffering from gastroenteritis were found in the group of non-colonizing strains, suggesting that other(More)
In this study, the presence of 20 putative virulence genes was examined in 11 Campylobacter jejuni isolates with different colonization and invasion abilities as determined in a chick colonization model and on Caco-2 cells, respectively. The majority of the genes were detected in all strains. Among them, there were genes of the flagellar secretion apparatus(More)
In an in vitro cell culture model using Caco-2 cells the adhesion and invasion properties of 11 Campylobacter (C.) jejuni isolates of different origin were studied. Additionally, we investigated the colonization ability of the strains in a chick model. Virtually, all C. jejuni showed cell adherence in the in vitro assay, but there were large differences in(More)
The species Campylobacter (C.) fetus is divided into the subspecies venerealis and fetus, which differ in epidemiology and clinical importance. The differences between these subspecies make an accurate distinction essential. Differentiation of C. fetus by traditional microbiological methods is only based on two reactions (tolerance to glycin, Na selenite(More)
The lysozyme level was found to reach its highest point on the second day from parturition, followed by strong decline to a much lower value which then remained constant up to the 30th day of lactation. The rise recorded from the period between farrowing and the second day after birth as well as the decline up to the fourth day and the constant level up to(More)