Frank Schabel

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Following implant of cotton thread-carrying 3-methyl-cholanthrene into the pancreas tissue of 90 C57BL/6 and 60 BALB/c mice, 13 developed ductal adenocarcinomas. Two of these tumors, both of C57BL/6 origin (Panc 02 and 03), were established in serial s.c. transplant. Panc 02 was treated with 37 different anticancer drugs representing all of the chemical and(More)
Sublines of murine leukemias (L1210 and P388) and solid tumors selected for resistance to representatives of all of the chemical and functional classes of clinically useful anticancer drugs have been isolated and established in serial in vivo passage and, in some cases, in vitro culture. Extensive resistance, cross-resistance, and collateral-sensitivity(More)
In an effort to establish an animal colon tumor model suitable for biological and chemotherapy studies, 82 colon tumors were induced and transplanted in four different inbred strains of mice. Four colon tumors survived the first transplant and are now in serial passage. All are suitable for chemotherapy trials. Two tumors are highly metastatic, and at least(More)
A new triazine folate antagonist, 3-chloro-4-((4-(2-chloro-4-[4,6-diamino-2,2-dimethyl-s-triazin-1(2H)-yl]phenyl)butyl)) benzenesulfonyl fluoride compounded with ethanesulfonic acid (1:1) (NSC 127755), was highly active against four transplantable colon adenocarcinomas (36, 38, 10/A, 12/A) and the Dunning murine ovarian tumor M5076. Treatment schedule(More)
If total tumor cell kill is a requirement for "cure," as it probably is for at least some tumors, treatment of micrometastases containing less than or equal to 10-6 viable tumor cells is a problem facing all cancer therapists. Metastatic tumor cell foci of less than or equal to 10-6 cells, particularly if widely disseminated, are, in the main, grossly(More)
Alkylating anticancer drugs are varied in chemical structure, alkylating moieties, and likely mechanisms of cytotoxic activity for vital normal cells and sensitive tumor cells. This has been objectively documented by numerous examples illustrating: (1) different in vitro and in vivo reaction products; (2) greater than additive, additive, and less than(More)
The chemical class of drugs known as the nitrosoureas are a recently developed group of very active alkylating-agent anticancer drugs which are best represented by BCNU, CCNU, and methyl-CCNU (meCCNU). The nitrosoureas are among the most active, if not the most active, anticancer drugs both quantitatively (log kill of sensitive tumor cells in vivo) and(More)