Frank Sargent

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We describe the identification of two Escherichia coli genes required for the export of cofactor-containing periplasmic proteins, synthesized with signal peptides containing a twin arginine motif. Both gene products are homologous to the maize HCF106 protein required for the translocation of a subset of lumenal proteins across the thylakoid membrane.(More)
Proteins that reside partially or completely outside the bacterial cytoplasm require specialized pathways to facilitate their localization. Globular proteins that function in the periplasm must be translocated across the hydrophobic barrier of the inner membrane. While the Sec pathway transports proteins in a predominantly unfolded conformation, the Tat(More)
In Escherichia coli, transmembrane translocation of proteins can proceed by a number of routes. A subset of periplasmic proteins are exported via the Tat pathway to which proteins are directed by N-terminal "transfer peptides" bearing the consensus (S/T)RRXFLK "twin-arginine" motif. The Tat system involves the integral membrane proteins TatA, TatB, TatC,(More)
Proteins are transported across the bacterial plasma membrane and the chloroplast thylakoid membrane by means of protein translocases that recognize N-terminal targeting signals in their cognate substrates. Transport of many of these proteins involves the well defined Sec apparatus that operates in both membranes. We describe here the identification of a(More)
The Escherichia coli Tat system mediates Sec-independent export of protein precursors bearing twin arginine signal peptides. Genes known to be involved in this process include tatA, tatB, and tatC that form an operon with a fourth gene, tatD. The tatD gene product has two homologues in E. coli coded by the unlinked ycfH and yjjV genes. An E. coli strain(More)
Synthesis of the [NiFe] hydrogenases 1 and 2 of Escherichia coli is induced in response to anaerobiosis and is repressed when nitrate is present in the growth medium. The hydrogenase 1 and hydrogenase 2 enzymes are encoded by the polycistronic hyaABCDEF and hybOABCDEFG operons, respectively. Primer extension analysis was used to determine the initiation(More)
The Escherichia coli twin arginine translocation (Tat) system mediates Sec-independent export of protein precursors bearing twin arginine signal peptides. The genes tatA, tatB, tatC and tatE code for integral membrane proteins that are components of the Tat pathway. Cells co-overexpressing tatABCDE show an increased rate of export of a signal(More)
The hyf locus (hyfABCDEFGHIJ-hyfR-focB) of Escherichia coli encodes a putative 10-subunit hydrogenase complex (hydrogenase-4 [Hyf]); a potential sigma(54)-dependent transcriptional activator, HyfR (related to FhlA); and a putative formate transporter, FocB (related to FocA). In order to gain insight into the physiological role of the Hyf system, we(More)
A group of bacterial exported proteins are synthesized with N-terminal signal peptides containing a SRRxFLK 'twin-arginine' amino acid motif. Proteins bearing twin-arginine signal peptides are targeted post-translationally to the twin-arginine translocation (Tat) system which transports folded substrates across the inner membrane. In Escherichia coli, most(More)
The Escherichia coli twin-arginine protein transport (Tat) system is a molecular machine dedicated to the translocation of fully folded substrate proteins across the energy-transducing inner membrane. Complex cofactor-containing Tat substrates, such as the model (NiFe) hydrogenase-2 and trimethylamine N-oxide reductase (TorA) systems, acquire their redox(More)