Frank S. Yao

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BACKGROUND The objective of this randomized clinical trial of elective coronary artery bypass grafting was to investigate whether intraoperative mean arterial pressure below autoregulatory limits of the coronary and cerebral circulations was a principal determinant of postoperative complications. The trial compared the impact of two strategies of(More)
We report for the first time in vitro proton and phosphorus NMR spectroscopic analyses of murine brain development from fetal to adult stages. Chloroform-methanol extracts from C57B16/J mouse brain, at ages ranging from 15 days in utero (F15) to adult, permitted the simultaneous investigation of both cytosolic and membrane phospholipid compartments. The(More)
BACKGROUND Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography detects emboli in most patients during coronary artery bypass grafting. However, the significance of these emboli has not yet been established. METHODS We monitored 82 patients during coronary artery bypass grafting with this technique and related the numbers of emboli to the outcomes and length of hospital(More)
BACKGROUND Embolic signals have been detected within both the aortic lumen and the intracranial vasculature during coronary artery bypass grafting. Total numbers of these emboli have been reported. The present study examined the size of individual emboli and the total volume of embolization. METHODS Using transesophageal echocardiography, we continuously(More)
Advanced atheromatous disease of the thoracic aorta identified by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is a major risk factor for perioperative stroke. This study investigated whether varying degrees of atherosclerosis of the descending aorta, as assessed by TEE, are an independent predictor of cardiac and neurologic outcome in patients undergoing(More)
Although electrocardiographic (ECG) ST segment depression is commonly induced by electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for depression, it is unknown whether this reflects segmental myocardial ischemia, as is true under most circumstances, or a direct effect of central nervous system stimulation on cardiac repolarization in the absence of ischemic left ventricular(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TCD) is the standard technique for monitoring emboli in the cerebral circulation. Embolic signals have been detected with the use of this technique in most patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. We previously reported that the majority of emboli are detected after release of aortic(More)
Forty patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting were studied, of whom 24 had depressed global left ventricular (LV) function at preoperative catheterization, to evaluate the effects of midazolam on LV pump performance and contractility. Transesophageal echocardiography and simultaneous hemodynamic measurements were used to assess LV preload,(More)
BACKGROUND The relation between aortic atheroma severity and stroke after coronary artery bypass grafting is established. The relation between atheroma severity and other outcome measures or numbers of emboli has not been determined. METHODS Using transesophageal echocardiography, we determined the severity of atheroma in the ascending, arch, and(More)