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The open field test (OFT) is a widely used procedure for examining the behavioral effects of drugs and anxiety. Detailed ethological assessments of animal behavior are lacking. Here we present a detailed ethological assessment of the effects of acute treatment with the benzodiazepines, diazepam (DZ, 1.5mg/kg) and chlordiazepoxide (CDP, 5.0 and 10.0mg/kg),(More)
UNLABELLED Sequential transmission scanning (TS)/SPECT is impractical for neurologically impaired patients who are unable to keep their heads motionless for the extended duration of the combined scans. To provide an alternative to TS, we have developed a method of inferring-attenuation distributions (IADs), from SPECT data, using a head atlas and a(More)
We have previously shown that the myocardial Gd-DTPA concentration ([Gd-DTPA]t(t)) after a bolus injection of Gd-DTPA can be predicted by the Modified Kety Equation (MKE). If [Gd-DTPA]t(t) can be determined by MRI and the data fit to the MKE, then the distribution volume (lambda) of Gd-DTPA and the myocardial flow (F) times the extraction efficiency (E),(More)
The partition coefficient of Gd-DTPA was thought to vary with the amount of cellular membrane damage after an acute myocardial infarction. The relationship between the partition coefficient of Gd-DTPA (lambda) and the uptake of 201Tl (as a marker of tissue viability) was studied 2 h to 3 weeks after reperfusion of a 2-h occlusion to the left anterior(More)
In order to clarify the relationship between coronary artery disease (including myocardial infarction) and image contrast in gadolinium diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA)-enhanced MRI it was decided to model the myocardial tissue distribution and clearance of Gd-DTPA using the modified Kety equation. Using a canine model, myocardial tissue Gd-DTPA(More)
UNLABELLED The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of nonuniform attenuation on relative quantification in brain SPECT and to compare the ability of the Chang and Sorenson uniform attenuation corrections (UACs) to achieve volumetric relative quantification. METHODS Three head phantoms (dry human skull, Rando and Radiology Support Devices(More)
Specific weak time varying pulsed magnetic fields (MF) have been shown to alter animal and human behaviors, including pain perception and postural sway. Here we demonstrate an objective assessment of exposure to pulsed MF's on Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) and Fibromyalgia (FM) patients and healthy controls using standing balance. 15 RA and 15 FM patients were(More)
We examined the effects of brief exposure to weak 60 Hz extremely low frequency (ELF) magnetic fields and opioid systems on spatial behavior and learning in reproductive adult male and female deer mice, Peromyscus maniculatus. Sex differences were evident in spatial performance, with male deer mice displaying significantly better performance than female(More)
UNLABELLED Neither intravenous nor intracoronary routes provide targeted stem cell delivery to recently infarcted myocardium in sufficient quantities. Direct routes appear preferable. However, most prior studies have used epicardial injections, which are not practical for routine clinical use. The objective of this study was to compare cell retention and(More)
In this work, we determined the minimum number of detectable 111In-tropolone-labelled bone-marrow-derived stem cells from the maximum activity per cell which did not affect viability, proliferation and differentiation, and the minimum detectable activity (MDA) of 111In by SPECT. Canine bone marrow mesenchymal cells were isolated, cultured and expanded. A(More)