Frank S. Abbott

Learn More
Ayahuasca is a hallucinogenic beverage derived by boiling the bark of the Malpighiaceous liana Banisteriopsis caapi together with the leaves of various admixture plants, viz. Psychotria viridis, Psychotria carthagenensis , or Diplopterys cabrerana . B. caapi contains harmine, harmaline, and tetrahydroharmine while the admixtures contain(More)
The anti-convulsant drug valproate causes hepatic failure in a small percentage of patients. We now report that the valproate metabolite 2,4-dien-valproate binds (IC50 = 42 microM) to the alpha-subunit of the trifunctional protein responsible for the second and third steps in the mitochondrial beta-oxidation of fatty acids. Binding of valproate itself, or(More)
It is postulated that the hepatotoxicity of valproic acid (VPA) results from the mitochondrial beta-oxidation of its cytochrome P450 metabolite, 2-propyl-4-pentenoic acid (4-ene VPA), to 2-propyl-(E)-2,4-pentadienoic acid ((E)-2,4-diene VPA) which, in the CoA thioester form, either depletes GSH or produces a putative inhibitor of beta-oxidation enzymes. In(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether valproic acid (VPA) influences urinary levels of 15-F2t -isoprostane (15-F2t -IsoP), a marker of oxidative stress, in children. STUDY DESIGN Morning urine samples were collected from children with epilepsy receiving VPA (n = 25), carbamazepine (n = 16), or clobazam (n = 12) for > or = 4 weeks and from age-matched control(More)
This report describes both the synthesis of a stable isotope analog of the H1 receptor antagonist diphenhydramine (DPHM), and the simultaneous quantitation of DPHM and a deuterated stable isotope analog of DPHM, viz. (2H10)DPHM in biological fluids from the chronically instrumented pregnant ewe. (2H10)DPHM was synthesized and purified, and both its(More)
Valproic acid, an antiepileptic drug, is extensively metabolized in humans. A hexadeuterated valproic acid was used in this study to aid the identification of metabolites and their artifacts in serum and urine extracts. A 600 mg oral dose of hexadeuterated valproic acid was administered to a human volunteer at steady state serum concentrations of unlabelled(More)
Oxidative stress has been associated with valproic acid (VPA) treatment, and mitochondrial dysfunction has been implicated in the pathogenesis of VPA-idiosyncratic hepatotoxicity. The present study investigated the effect of VPA and the role of GSH on oxidative stress, mitochondrial membrane potential, and toxicity in freshly isolated rat hepatocytes.(More)
Reactive and hepatotoxic metabolites formed from the biotransformation of valproic acid (VPA) are normally detoxified by conjugating with GSH and followed by mercapturic acid metabolism to produce their respective N-acetylcysteine (NAC) conjugates. Hence, the levels of NAC conjugates of VPA in human urine are an indirect measure of exposure of the liver(More)
Valproic acid (2-n-propylpentanoic acid; VPA) has several therapeutic indications, but it is used primarily as an anticonvulsant. VPA is a relatively safe drug, but its use is associated with idiosyncratic hepatotoxicity, which in some cases may lead to fatality. The underlying mechanism responsible for the hepatotoxicity is still not well understood, but(More)
Valproic acid (VPA) and the unsaturated metabolites, 2-ene VPA and (E)-2,(Z)-3'-diene VPA, demonstrated dose-dependent cytotoxicity in primary cultures of rat hepatocytes, as evaluated by lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage. Cellular glutathione (GSH) was depleted by adding buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) to the culture medium. Induction of cytochrome P450 by(More)