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Neural signals can be generated or blocked by extracellular electrodes or magnetic coils. New results about artificial excitation are based on a compartmental model of a target neuron and its equivalent electrical network, as well as on the theory of the generalized activating function. The analysis shows that: (i) in most cases, the origin of artificial(More)
  • F Rattay
  • IEEE transactions on bio-medical engineering
  • 1989
This paper presents the mathematical basis for analysis as well as for the computer simulation of the stimulus/response characteristics of nerve or muscle fibers. The results follow from the extracellular potential along the fiber as a function of electrode geometry. The theory is of a general nature but special investigations are made on monopolar,(More)
Differences in neural geometry and the fact that the soma of the human cochlear neuron typically is not myelinated are reasons for disagreements between single fiber recordings in animals and the neural code evoked in cochlear implant patients. We introduce a compartment model of the human cochlear neuron to study the excitation and propagation process of(More)
STUDY DESIGN It has been previously demonstrated that sustained nonpatterned electric stimulation of the posterior lumbar spinal cord from the epidural space can induce stepping-like movements in subjects with chronic, complete spinal cord injury. In the present paper, we explore physiologically related components of electromyographic (EMG) recordings(More)
We have demonstrated that non-patterned electrical stimulation of the lumbar cord can induce stepping-like activity in the lower limbs of complete spinal cord injured individuals. This result suggested the existence of a human lumbar locomotor pattern generator, which can convert a tonic input to a rhythmic motor output. We have studied the human lumbar(More)
A simplified spiraled model of the human cochlea is developed from a cross sectional photograph. The potential distribution within this model cochlea is calculated with the finite element technique for an active scala tympani implant. The method in the companion article [Rattay et al., 2001] allows for simulation of the excitation process of selected(More)
We provide evidence that the human spinal cord is able to respond to external afferent input and to generate a sustained extension of the lower extremities when isolated from brain control. The present study demonstrates that sustained, nonpatterned electrical stimulation of the lumbosacral cord—applied at a frequency in the range of 5–15 Hz and a strength(More)
OBJECTIVES Analysis of the computed recruitment order of an ensemble of ventral and dorsal root fibers should enlighten the relation between the position of a bipolar electrode and the observed order of muscle twitches. MATERIAL AND METHODS Thresholds of selected spinal root fibers are investigated in a two step procedure. First the electric field(More)
Continuous epidural stimulation of lumbar posterior root afferents can modify the activity of lumbar cord networks and motoneurons, resulting in suppression of spasticity or elicitation of locomotor-like movements in spinal cord-injured people. The aim of the present study was to demonstrate that posterior root afferents can also be depolarized by(More)