Frank R M Stassen

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To understand how microglial cell function may change with aging, various protocols have been developed to isolate microglia from the young and aged central nervous system (CNS). Here we report modification of an existing protocol that is marked by less debris contamination and improved yields and demonstrate that microglial functions are varied and(More)
BACKGROUND Persistent C. trachomatis infections are assumed to increase the risk of tubal pathology. We studied whether serological markers, assumed to be associated with persistent C. trachomatis infections, could identify subfertile women at risk of tubal pathology. METHODS Sera of 313 subfertile women, who all underwent a laparoscopy with tubal testing(More)
RATIONALE Viral myocarditis results from an adverse immune response to cardiotropic viruses, which causes irreversible myocyte destruction and heart failure in previously healthy people. The involvement of microRNAs and their usefulness as therapeutic targets in this process are unknown. OBJECTIVE To identify microRNAs involved in viral myocarditis(More)
BACKGROUND Over the last 30 years multiple micro-organisms have been associated with different types of vascular disease, like atherosclerosis, restenosis or transplant arteriosclerosis. Nonetheless, it is still ambiguous which molecular mechanisms are exactly involved in the exacerbating effect of microbes in these disorders. OBJECTIVES AND STUDY DESIGN(More)
We evaluated the relationship between the presence of adrenergic nerves and the presence of alpha-1 adrenoceptors (alpha-1 AR) in the arterial tree of the rat. The thoracic aorta and the carotid, mammary, renal and femoral arteries were isolated from 20-week-old male WKY rats, along with the superior mesenteric artery and small (first order) and(More)
Already at the beginning of the 20th century, a potential role for microbes in vascular diseases was suggested. However, until the late '70 of that century, not much attention has been paid to this infection hypothesis. Then, predominantly based on the pioneering work of Fabricant et al., evidence for a contributing or even initiating role for microbes in(More)
Recently, infections have been implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Apart from the direct effects of pathogens, it can be hypothesized that inflammatory mechanisms, such as the production of pro-inflammatory mediators by resident glia, may result in neurotoxicity. Here, we examined the inflammatory responses in murine microglial cell (MMC)(More)
OBJECTIVES To study whether Chlamydia pneumoniae (Cpn) infection affects atherosclerotic plaque morphology in atherogenic (LDLr/ApoE(-/-)) mice. METHODS In mice sacrificed 20 or 40 weeks after Cpn infection aortic arch sections were analysed for lesion and fibrous cap area and the presence of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2 and -9. RESULTS All(More)
Inspired by the suggested associations between neurological diseases and infections, we determined the susceptibility of brain cells to Chlamydia pneumoniae (Cpn). Murine astrocyte (C8D1A), neuronal (NB41A3) and microglial (BV-2) cell lines were inoculated with Cpn. Infection was established by immunofluorescence and real-time PCR at various time points.(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac hypertrophy and subsequent heart failure triggered by chronic hypertension represent major challenges for cardiovascular research. Beyond neurohormonal and myocyte signaling pathways, growing evidence suggests inflammatory signaling pathways as therapeutically targetable contributors to this process. We recently reported that microRNA-155(More)