Frank Pui-Ling Lai

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Melatonin is a pineal hormone involved in neuroendocrine processes in mammals. It has been shown that melatonin inhibits the enzymatic activities of adenylyl cyclases and the transcriptional activities of CREB. In this report, we demonstrate that 2-iodomelatonin (2IMT) treatment on COS-7 cells transfected with melatonin receptors (mt1 and MT2) induces c-Jun(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Hirschsprung disease is characterized by a deficit in enteric neurons, which are derived from neural crest cells (NCCs). Aberrant hedgehog signaling disrupts NCC differentiation and might cause Hirschsprung disease. We performed genetic analyses to determine whether hedgehog signaling is involved in pathogenesis. METHODS We performed(More)
Mutations of the B-type endothelin receptor (ETRB) gene have been found to cause defects in the development of enteric neurons, which resulted in aganglionic megacolon in rodents and humans. To determine the distribution of ETRB mRNA during neural development, mainly in the CNS, in situ hybridization was applied at various developmental stages of rat. ETRB(More)
The Drosophila kelch protein is a structural component of ring canals and is required for oocyte maturation. Here, we report the cloning and genomic structure of a new human homologue of kelch, KLHL3. At the amino acid level, KLHL3 shares 77% similarity with Drosophila kelch and 89% similarity with Mayven (KLHL2), another human kelch homolog. The(More)
The metabolism of glucose in insulin-secreting cells leads to closure of ATP-sensitive K+ channels (KATP), an event that initiates the insulin secretory process. Defects in insulin secretion are a common feature of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), and the beta-cell KATP that couples metabolism and membrane potential is a candidate for(More)
Loss of a whole chromosome 5, or a del(5q), are recurring abnormalities in malignant myeloid diseases. In previous studies, we defined a commonly deleted segment (CDS) of 1.5 Mb between D5S479 and D5S500 in patients with a del(5q), and we established a P1 artificial chromosome-based contig encompassing this interval. To identify candidate tumor suppressor(More)
A deletion of the long arm of chromosome 5 is a recurring abnormality in malignant myeloid disorders. In previous studies, we identified an approximately 1-Mb segment in 5q31 that was deleted in all patients examined. As part of a positional cloning project to identify transcribed sequences in this region, we identified and characterized the TTID gene. This(More)
The transition from metaphase to anaphase and exit from mitosis involve the degradation of active cyclin B-CDC2 complexes by ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis. The anaphase-promoting complex (APC) catalyzes the formation of cyclin B-ubiquitin conjugates, thereby targeting cyclin B for degradation. The APC is composed of eight proteins, including four members(More)
Loss of a whole chromosome 5, or a del(5q), is a recurring abnormality in malignant myeloid diseases. By cytogenetic and molecular analyses, we delineated previously a 1- to 1.5-Mb region that is deleted in all patients with a del(5q). In our efforts to identify a myeloid tumor suppressor gene within the commonly deleted segment (CDS), we have cloned and(More)
Kinesin-like proteins are microtubule-associated motors that play important roles in intracellular transport and cell division. We report here the characterization of a new human kinesin-like protein, Rabkinesin6 (RAB6KIFL). The composite cDNA sequence is 2957bp, and encodes a protein of 890 amino acids with a predicted molecular weight of 100kDa. It has(More)