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The effect of N-(2-chloroethyl)-N-ethyl-2-bromobenzylamine (DSP4) on monoamine neurons was studied in mice and rats. In mice DSP4 produced acutely a marked reduction of endogenous noradrenaline (NA), [3H]NA uptake and nerve density of the adrenergic nerves in the iris and atrium. Pronounced accumulations of NA were observed in non-terminal axons, which is a(More)
Changes with age in responses to stress of certain central monoaminergic systems were investigated. Three groups of rats, 4, 18 and 29 months old, were exposed to cold and the effect of this stress on hypothalamic tyrosine hydroxylase, and on the metabolism of DA and 5HT in different brain regions was evaluated. Senescent rats were unable for several hours(More)
L-DOPA is believed to be decarboxylated by the residual striatal dopaminergic presynaptic terminals with formation of the putative neurotransmitter dopamine (DA) and with increased availability of DA at post-synaptic receptors. However there is no direct evidence that the DA formed is released into the synaptic cleft. We therefore investigated the(More)
The effects of systemic treatment of newborn rats with the catecholamine neurotoxins 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OH-DA) or N-(2-chloroethyl)-N-ethyl-2-bromobenzylamine (DSP4) on the central dopamine (DA) and noradrenaline (NA) neurons were studied using neurochemical techniques. Both neurotoxins cause similar alterations of the postnatal development of the NA(More)
The biochemical modifications which occur in the dopaminergic system after chronic administration of L-DOPA are investigated. Levels of DA and of its metabolite 3-methoxytyramine (3-MT), an expression of the amount of DA released, were raised to the same extent in controls given a single dose of 1-DOPA and in chronically treated rats given 100 mg/kg of(More)
The concentrations of dopamine (DA) norepinephrine (NE), serotonin (5HT) and their metabolites, HVA, DOPAC, MHPG-SO4 and 5HIAA were measured in several brain areas of rats aged 4, 18 and 29 months. Dopamine and its metabolites showed a decline, statistically correlated with age, in all the dopaminergic areas considered, indicating that this system is(More)
The intracerebroventricular injection of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist D,L-2-amino-7-phosphonoheptanoic acid (AP7) induces an increase of the hippocampal levels of acetylcholine (ACh) which is dose-dependent in the range 1.5-10 micrograms. Similar doses of AP7 failed to affect the ACh content of the striatum. The effect of the i.c.v.(More)