Frank Pfeifer

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The bioavailability of soil-bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) for mammalian species was studied with rats fed with a diet containing contaminated soil preparations. The extent of cytochrome P450IA1 (CYP1A1) induction in the liver correlated with the amount of 5- and 6-ring PAHs in the soil samples but not with the total PAH content. Other(More)
2,3-Dihydroxybiphenyl dioxygenase from Pseudomonas cepacia Et 4 was found to catalyze the ring fission of 2,3-dihydroxydiphenylether in the course of diphenylether degradation. The enzyme was purified and characterized. It had a molecular mass of 240 kDa and is dissociated by SDS into eight subunits of equal mass (31 kDa). The purified enzyme was found to(More)
The aim of this contribution is to demonstrate the transfer of spectra that have been measured on two different laboratory Fourier transform near-infrared (FT-NIR) spectrometers to the format of a handheld instrument by measuring only a few samples with both spectrometer types. Thus, despite the extreme differences in spectral range and resolution, spectral(More)
Contaminated soils represent a potential health risk for the human population. Risk assessment for humans requires specific methods, which must reflect the peculiarities of human behaviour, physiology and biochemistry with respect to contaminant uptake and processing. Biomarkers of effect or exposure have become an appropriate tool. Organic pollutants(More)
The main objective of this communication is to compare the performance of a miniaturized handheld near-infrared (NIR) spectrometer with a benchtop Fourier transform near-infrared (FT-NIR) spectrometer. Generally, NIR spectroscopy is an extremely powerful analytical tool to study hydrogen-bonding changes of amide functionalities in solid and liquid materials(More)
The near-infrared transmission spectra of two organic liquid three-component systems of variable compositions were investigated in detail. To evaluate the interaction of the different components in the two systems the experimental spectra of the pure components were compared to mathematically constructed "pure component" spectra. Though usually the(More)
The microbial degradation of hard coal implies the cleavage of diaryl ether linkages in the coal macromolecule. We investigated the biodegradation of diphenylether as a model compound representing this substructure of coal. A bacterial strain isolated from soil and identified as Pseudomonas cepacia, was able to grow with diphenylether as sole source of(More)
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