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A dried powder from basidiomycetous fungi, Ganoderma lucidum, has been used in East Asia in therapies for several different diseases, including cancer. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in the biological actions of Ganoderma are not well understood. We have recently demonstrated that phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) and nuclear… (More)
Cell migration is a crucial process in cancer metastasis that does not require extracellular matrix degradation-a characteristic of cell invasion. The urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) system is responsible for invasion through uPA enzymatic activity and for migration through the binding of uPA to the uPA receptor (uPAR). Constitutively high levels… (More)
Cell adhesion, proteolytic degradation and cell migration are interrelated processes responsible for the invasion and metastasis of cancer. One of the crucial molecules involved in cancer metastasis is urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA). An elevated concentration of uPA is a strong indicator of poor prognosis. In addition to the proteolytic activity… (More)
OBJECTIVE Ganoderma lucidum has been used in East Asia as a home remedy to prevent or cure cancer. Furthermore, Ganoderma lucidum is one of the herbs in the herbal mixture PC-SPES that has become an alternative herbal therapy for prostate cancer. Because the dried powder of ganoderma is commercially available as a dietary supplement itself, the purpose of… (More)
This case report describes the second known instance of a multifocal capillary pancreatic neoplasm. Both cases occurred in young African American females. A less-than-total pancreatectomy was performed to maintain endocrine function.