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Brain machine interfaces (BMIs) have the potential to provide intuitive control of neuroprostheses to restore grasp to patients with paralyzed or amputated upper limbs. For these neuroprostheses to function, the ability to accurately control grasp force is critical. Grasp force can be decoded from neuronal spikes in monkeys, and hand kinematics can be(More)
OBJECT The authors prospectively compared a new technique of surgical microscope-based indocyanine green (ICG) videoangiography with intraoperative or postoperative digital subtraction (DS) angiography. METHOD The technique was performed during 187 surgical procedures in which 124 aneurysms in 114 patients were clipped. Using a newly developed setup, the(More)
Basilar apex region aneurysms are among the most complex cerebral aneurysms. They are not, however, among the most common aneurysms, and increased use of endovascular treatment has further decreased the number of patients with these lesions who undergo surgery. Nonetheless, not all basilar apex aneurysms are amenable to coil embolization, and neurosurgeons(More)
BACKGROUND Spinal cord herniation through a dural defect is a cause of myelopathy and BSS that may be underdiagnosed. It may occur spontaneously, after trauma, or after surgery. CASE DESCRIPTION We present the case of a 47-year-old woman who presented with low back pain, progressive myelopathy, right proximal LEW, several episodes of falling, sensory(More)
OBJECT This study was designed to determine if the "keyhole concept," proposed by Perneczky's group, can be verified quantitatively. METHODS Fourteen (3 bilateral and 8 unilateral) sides of embalmed latex-injected cadaveric heads were dissected via 3 sequential craniotomy approaches: supraorbital keyhole, frontotemporal pterional, and supraorbital.(More)
— Electrocorticogram (ECoG)-based brain computer interfaces (BCI) can potentially control upper extremity pros-theses to restore independent function to paralyzed individuals. However, current research is mostly restricted to the offline decoding of finger or 2D arm movement trajectories, and these results are modest. This study seeks to improve the(More)
BACKGROUND Neurosurgical operations cause unavoidable damage to healthy brain tissues. Direct surgical injury as well as surgically induced oxidative stress contributes to the subsequent formation of brain edema. Therefore, we tested the neuroprotective effects of hydrogen (H2) in an established surgical brain injury (SBI) model in rats. MATERIALS AND(More)
Electrocorticogram (ECoG)-based brain computer interfaces (BCI) can potentially be used for control of arm prostheses. Restoring independent function to BCI users with such a system will likely require control of many degrees-of-freedom (DOF). However, our ability to decode many-DOF arm movements from ECoG signals has not been thoroughly tested. To this(More)
OBJECT Brain tissue at the periphery of a neurosurgical resection site is vulnerable to injury by a variety of mechanisms including direct trauma, edema, hemorrhage, retractor stretch, and electrocautery. The goal in the present study was to develop an in vivo model of surgically induced brain injury and to test an Src tyrosine kinase inhibitor for(More)
OBJECTIVE Electrocorticography (ECoG)-based brain-computer interface (BCI) is a promising platform for controlling arm prostheses. To restore functional independence, a BCI must be able to control arm prostheses along at least six degrees-of-freedoms (DOFs). Prior studies suggest that standard ECoG grids may be insufficient to decode multi-DOF arm(More)