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BACKGROUND Tight glycemic control delays the long-term complications of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) but increases the risk for hypoglycemia. The continuous glucose-monitoring system (CGMS) provides blood glucose (BG) readings every 5 min, and its accuracy and reliability has been established in adults. However, there are limited data on its efficacy and(More)
Conditional stimuli (CS) that are paired with reward can be used to motivate instrumental responses. This process is called Pavlovian-instrumental transfer (PIT). A recent study in rats suggested that habitual responses are particularly sensitive to the motivational effects of reward cues. The current experiments examined this idea using ratio and interval(More)
A total of 20 children with benign transient hyperphosphatasemia were prospectively evaluated with no additional investigations recommended except repeat serologic evaluation in 2-3 months. The average age of our patients was 2.5 years (range 1 year 2 months-5 years 10 months). The serum levels of alkaline phosphatase averaged 2383 IU/L (range 1013-5700(More)
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Abstract Nature has had millions of years to optimize photonic crystals-an endeavour mankind only really began in the 1980s. Often, we attempt to mimic and expand upon nature's designs in creating photonic structures that meet our(More)
Malignant acanthosis nigricans (AN) is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome seen primarily in adults with an underlying diagnosis of gastrointestinal adenocarcinoma. Malignant AN is characterized by hyperpigmentation and velvety hyperplasia of the epidermis. This condition is generally not associated with tumors in pediatric populations or in the adrenal gland.(More)
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