Frank Mueller-Langer

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Infectious diseases are among the main causes of death and disability in developing countries, and they are a major reason for the health disparity between rich and poor countries. One of the reasons for this public health tragedy is a lack of lifesaving essential medicines, which either do not exist or badly need improvements. In this article, we analyse(More)
Two ‘order e¤ects’may emerge in dynamic tournaments with information feedback. First, participants adjust e¤ort across stages, which could advantage the leading participant who faces a larger ‘e¤ective prize’after an initial victory (leading-e¤ect). Second, participants lagging behind may increase risk at the …nal stage as they have ‘nothing to(More)
This paper exploits variation in the adoption of copyright laws within Italy – as a result of Napoleon's military campaign-to examine the effects of copyrights on creativity. To measure variation in the quantity and quality of creative output, we have collected detailed data on 2,598 operas that premiered across eight states within Italy between 1770 and(More)
We study the endogenous network formation of bilateral and multilateral trade agreements by means of hypergraphs and introduce the equilibrium concept of multilateral stability. We consider multi-country settings with a firm in each country that produces a homogeneous good and competes as a Cournot oligopolist in each market. Under endogenous tariffs, we(More)
Mandatory data disclosure is an essential feature for credible empirical work but comes at a cost: First, authors might invest less in data generation if they are not the full residual claimants of their data after their …rst publication. Second, authors might "strategically delay" the time of submission of papers in order to fully exploit their data in(More)
We analyse optimal pricing and quality of a monopolistic journal and the optimality of open access in a two-sided model. The predominant aspect of the model that determines the quality levels at which open access is optimal is the nature of the (non-linear) externalities between readers and authors in a journal. We show that there exist scenarios in which(More)
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