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Despite intensive investigation, the pathogenesis of post-injury multiple organ failure (MOF) remains elusive. Laboratory and clinical research strongly suggests that the gastrointestinal tract (i.e., the gut) plays a pivotal pathogenic role. Since its inception in 1988, the Trauma Research Center (TRC) at the University of Texas-Houston Medical School(More)
BACKGROUND A laparoscopically implantable electrical device that intermittently blocks both vagi near the esophagogastric junction led to significant excess weight loss (EWL) in an initial clinical trial in obese patients. The study objective was to optimize therapy algorithms and determine the EWL achieved with a second-generation device at university(More)
OBJECTIVE The study objective was to define muscle metabolic and cardiovascular changes after surgical intervention in clinically severe obese patients. METHODS Obesity is a state of metabolic dysregulation that can lead to maladaptive changes in heart and skeletal muscle, including insulin resistance and heart failure. In a prospective longitudinal(More)
Functional hepatic reserve was determined in 32 patients with known liver or biliary tract disease employing kinetic analysis of hepatic removal of indocyanine green (ICG). The initial removal rates of incremental doses of ICG (0.5, 1.0 and 5.0 mg/kg body weight) were plotted as a reciprocal against the inverse of dose (Lineweaver-Burk plot) to provide a(More)
BACKGROUND A new medical device uses high-frequency electrical algorithms to create intermittent vagal blocking (VBLOC therapy). The aim is to assess the effects of vagal blocking on excess weight loss (EWL), safety, dietary intake, and vagal function. METHODS An open-label, 3-center study was conducted in obese subjects (body mass index [BMI] 35-50(More)
The pathogenesis of sepsis in acute pancreatitis is unknown. Since the intestinal tract has recently been identified as a possible source for sepsis in other conditions, we explored whether the gut may serve as a reservoir for bacteria causing systemic and pancreatic infection in acute pancreatitis. Bacterial translocation, alterations of intestinal(More)
OBJECTIVES A reduced blood flow to the gut is a consistent event after traumatic shock. Enteral nutrition support has been shown to reduce the septic morbidity after major trauma. We evaluated the effects of a transient ischemia followed by reperfusion (I/R) and an enteral nutrition support regimen on the motility of the small intestine of the rat. (More)
This study was designed to determine if an increase in nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is associated with increases in NOS II protein and mRNA abundance and with altered ileal longitudinal muscle contractility. Strips of muscle taken from LPS-treated, but not control, animals exhibited reduced in vitro contractility(More)
Ninety-two patients underwent a transduodenal sphincteroplasty and transampullary septectomy (extended papilloplasty) for chronic, incapacitating upper abdominal pain over an 11-year period. Seventy-nine had a prior cholecystectomy; 42 of 56 patients with reported pathology had documented gallstone disease. Serious morbidity included two moderately severe(More)
Effect of bile duct ligation (BDL) and internal biliary drainage on food intake and nutritional status was studied in rats and compared with sham and pair-fed animals. During week 1, food intake of BDL animals was reduced (p less than 0.05), resulting in weight loss (p less than 0.05). In weeks 2 and 3, food intake, nitrogen balance, and weight gain were(More)