Frank Matthes

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Arylsulfatase A (ASA) catalyzes the desulfation of sulfatide, a major lipid component of myelin. Inherited functional deficiencies of ASA cause the lysosomal storage disease (LSD) metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD), which is characterized by intralysosomal accumulation of sulfatide, progressive neurological symptoms and early death. Enzyme replacement(More)
Enzyme replacement therapy is a treatment option for several lysosomal storage disorders. We reported previously that treatment of a knockout mouse model of the sphingolipid storage disease metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) by intravenous injection of recombinant human arylsulfatase A (rhASA) reduces sulfatide storage and improves nervous system pathology(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common form of dementia in the elderly, is characterized by two neuropathological hallmarks: senile plaques, which are composed of Aβ peptides, and neurofibrillary tangles, which are composed of hyperphosphorylated TAU protein. Diabetic patients with dysregulated insulin signalling are at increased risk of developing AD.(More)
A deficiency of arylsulfatase A (ASA) causes metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD), a lysosomal storage disorder characterized by accumulation of sulfatide, a severe neurological phenotype and early death. The efficacy of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) has previously been determined in ASA knockout (ASA-/-) mice representing the only available animal model(More)
Metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) is a lysosomal storage disease caused by a functional deficiency of arylsulfatase A (ASA). Previous studies in ASA-knockout mice suggested enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) to be a promising treatment option. The mild phenotype of ASA-knockout mice did, however, not allow to examine therapeutic responses of the severe(More)
Enzyme replacement therapy is an option to treat lysosomal storage diseases caused by functional deficiencies of lysosomal hydrolases as intravenous injection of therapeutic enzymes can correct the catabolic defect within many organ systems. However, beneficial effects on central nervous system manifestations are very limited because the blood-brain barrier(More)
SHH (Sonic Hedgehog)-GLI signaling plays an important role during embryogenesis and in tumorigenesis. The survival and growth of several types of cancer depend on autonomously activated SHH-GLI signaling. A protein complex containing the ubiquitin ligase MID1 and protein phosphatase 2A regulates the nuclear localization and transcriptional activity of GLI3,(More)
An inherited deficiency of β-galactosylceramidase (GALC) causes the lysosomal storage disease globoid cell leukodystrophy (GLD). The disease is characterized by the accumulation of the cytotoxic metabolite psychosine (galactosylsphingosine), causing rapid degeneration of myelinating cells. Most patients suffer from the infantile form of GLD with onset of(More)
Papillomavirus genomes replicate as nuclear plasmids at a low copy number in undifferentiated keratinocytes. Papillomaviruses encode the E1 and E2 proteins that bind to the origin of replication and are required for the activation of replication. In addition to E2, several papillomaviruses express an E8-E2C protein, which is generated by alternative(More)