Frank M. Yatsu

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OBJECTIVE To determine whether carotid endarterectomy provides protection against subsequent cerebral ischemia in men with ischemic symptoms in the distribution of significant (greater than 50%) ipsilateral internal carotid artery stenosis. DESIGN Prospective, randomized, multicenter trial. SETTING Sixteen university-affiliated Veterans Affairs medical(More)
Sodium butyrate (SB), a naturally occurring short-chain fatty acid, was investigated for its therapeutic value as an antiproliferative agent for vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs). At 5-mmol/L concentration, SB had no significant effect on rat SMC proliferation. However, at the same concentration, SB inhibited platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-AA-,(More)
Arterial injury-induced vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation in intima is the important etiologic factor in vascular proliferative disorders such as atherosclerosis, hypertension and restenosis after balloon angioplasty. Butyrate, a naturally occurring short chain fatty acid, is produced by bacterial fermentation of dietary fiber and by mammary(More)
Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), a key regulatory enzyme of glycolysis, which exists in nuclei and functions as a DNA-binding protein as well as a nuclear protein, appears to be modulated by cellular activities. Exposure of quiescent rat smooth muscle cells (SMCs) to platelet-derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB), which stimulates SMCs(More)
"Silent strokes" or "subclinical strokes" refer to incidental findings of strokes on neuroimaging studies, such as computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging/diffusion-weighted imaging, that are asymptomatic. These include lacunar and other ischemic strokes and minor hemorrhages, particularly in "silent areas" of the brain, but also include(More)
The three Community Hospital-based Stroke Programs collected data on 4132 stroke patients admitted to acute care hospitals during 1979 and 1980. White female stroke patients were older than the white male, nonwhite female and nonwhite male stroke patients. Nearly one-fourth (23%) of stroke patients were employed at the time of the event. Most (77%) of the(More)
In order to assess the impact of variations in stroke care on outcomes, and to make geographic comparisons, the three Community Hospital-Based Stroke Programs in North Carolina, Oregon, and New York, aggregated their data on 4,132 hospitalized stroke patients. Complete demographic data or "Major Profile" were obtained on 2,390 (57.8%) of the 4,132 stroke(More)
Statins represent a promising class of agents to prevent stroke. In randomized trials of middle-aged patients with coronary artery disease, statins reduce the incidence of stroke. The reduction in stroke may not be solely related to cholesterol or low-density lipoprotein reduction but may involve nonsterol mechanisms effects on endothelial cells,(More)
The incorporation into fatty acids of N-acetyl aspartic acid, labeled in the acetyl group, was investigated during brain growth and development. Parasagittal injection of the acetyl amino acid into rats of various ages resulted in maximum incorporation just before and during myelination, a period in which the endogenous N-acetyl aspartic acid increases(More)