Pharmacologic protection should be used cautiously. The author reviews its rationale, use, and recommendations in three clinical conditions associated with ischemic brain damage: stroke, cardiac arrest, and head trauma.
Our understanding of the biochemistry and biologic actions of AA metabolites has been greatly expanded in recent years. The discoveries of TXA2, PGI2, and LTs have fostered new concepts of the pathophysiology of cerebral ischemia. New approaches to treatment of ischemia include seeking an optimal dose of aspirin, developing drugs that selectively inhibit or… (More)
OBJECTIVES To study the effect of combination therapy with aspirin and dipyridamole (A+D) over aspirin alone (ASA) in secondary prevention after transient ischaemic attack (TIA) or minor stroke of presumed arterial origin and to perform subgroup analyses to identify patients that might benefit most from secondary prevention with A+D. DATA SOURCES The… (More)
We studied five patients who had acute cerebral infarctions 5 weeks to 6 months after herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO). All had infarcts of the cerebral hemisphere ipsilateral to the HZO, and one also had a cerebellar infarct. Cerebral arteriography in one patient disclosed narrowing of the middle cerebral artery, occlusion of the anterior cerebral artery… (More)
Atherosclerosis, the primary pathological condition accounting for most stroke syndromes, has been the intense focus of epidemiological, basic, and clinical investigations. Since these studies have direct bearing on the prevention of atherothrombotic brain infarction, this review emphasizes those advances in treatment resulting from their findings. The two… (More)
The histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors, butyrate and trichostatin A (TSA), are epigenetic histone modifiers and proliferation inhibitors by downregulating cyclin D1, a positive cell cycle regulator, and upregulating p21Cip1 and INK family of proteins, negative cell cycle regulators. Our recent study indicated cyclin D1 upregulation in vascular smooth… (More)
We gave prostacyclin infusions to seven patients with acute cerebral infarction. Patients without CT evidence of infarction improved, but those who already had hypodensities on CT did not benefit. Increased platelet activity, measured by plasma beta-thromboglobulin, decreased significantly (p less than 0.01) during prostacyclin administration to normal… (More)