Frank M. Schurr

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C. F. Dormann (carsten.dormann@ufz.de), Dept of Computational Landscape Ecology, UFZ Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Permoserstr. 15, DE-04318 Leipzig, Germany. J. M. McPherson, Dept of Biology, Dalhousie Univ., 1355 Oxford Street Halifax NS, B3H 4J1 Canada. M. B. Araújo, Dept de Biodiversidad y Biologı́a Evolutiva, Museo Nacional de Ciencias(More)
Given the rate of projected environmental change for the 21st century, urgent adaptation and mitigation measures are required to slow down the on-going erosion of biodiversity. Even though increasing evidence shows that recent human-induced environmental changes have already triggered species’ range shifts, changes in phenology and species’ extinctions,(More)
Growing recognition of the importance of long-distance dispersal (LDD) of plant seeds for various ecological and evolutionary processes has led to an upsurge of research into the mechanisms underlying LDD. We summarize these findings by formulating six generalizations stating that LDD is generally more common in open terrestrial landscapes, and is typically(More)
Despite ample research, understanding plant spread and predicting their ability to track projected climate changes remain a formidable challenge to be confronted. We modelled the spread of North American wind-dispersed trees in current and future (c. 2060) conditions, accounting for variation in 10 key dispersal, demographic and environmental factors(More)
To become invasive, exotic species have to succeed in the consecutive phases of introduction, naturalization, and invasion. Each of these phases leaves traces in genetic structure, which may affect the species' success in subsequent phases. We examined this interplay of genetic structure and invasion dynamics in the South African Ragwort (Senecio(More)
Ecoinformatics & Biodiversity Group, Department of Bioscience, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark, Biometry and Environmental System Analysis, Faculty of Forest and Environmental Sciences, University of Freiburg, 79106 Freiburg, Germany, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research – UFZ, Department of Computational Landscape Ecology, 04318(More)
Ecologists increasingly use spatial statistics to study vegetation patterns. Mostly, however, these techniques are applied in a purely descriptive fashion without a priori statements on the pattern characteristics expected. We formulated such a priori predictions in a study of spatial pattern in a semi-arid Karoo shrubland, South Africa. Both seed dispersal(More)
1. Plant fecundity and seed dispersal often depend on environmental variables that vary in space. Hence, plant ecologists need to quantify spatial environmental effects on fecundity and dispersal. 2. We present an approach to estimate and model two types of spatial environmental effects: source effects cause fecundity and dispersal to vary as a function of(More)
Females of many species mate with multiple males within a single reproductive cycle. One hypothesis to explain polyandry postulates that females benefit from increasing within-brood genetic diversity. Two mechanisms may render sire genetic diversity beneficial for females, genetic bet-hedging vs. non-bet-hedging. We analysed whether females of the socially(More)
Avian extrapair mating systems provide an interesting model to assess the role of genetic benefits in the evolution of female multiple mating behavior, as potentially confounding nongenetic benefits of extrapair mate choice are seen to be of minor importance. Genetic benefit models of extrapair mating behavior predict that females engage in extrapair(More)