Learn More
BACKGROUND Ara h 2 is a major peanut allergen recognized by IgE in more than 90% of patients. After electrophoretic separation the purified protein exists as a doublet, and sequences of one incomplete cDNA and one genomic clone for this allergen have been reported. METHODS Ara h 2 isoforms were purified and analyzed by mass spectroscopy, and PCR(More)
Substance abuse is a growing world-wide problem. The big four drugs of abuse that might lend themselves to immunotherapy are nicotine, cocaine, morphine/heroin and methamphetamine. Tobacco abuse has a well-known enormous impact on major chronic cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases, while the last three, aside from their neuropsychological effects, are(More)
We are investigating treatments for cocaine abuse based on viral gene transfer of a cocaine hydrolase (CocH) derived from human butyrylcholinesterase, which can reduce cocaine-stimulated locomotion and cocaine-primed reinstatement of drug-seeking behavior in rats for many months. Here, in mice, we explored the possibility that anti-cocaine antibodies can(More)
Although cocaine is illegal in most countries of the world, addiction is common and increasing in many populations, and the effectiveness of current treatment options for those afflicted has been very limited. The availability of an anti-cocaine vaccine could offer help to those who wish to quit their addiction. A number of vaccines differing in their(More)
Aerosol delivery of plasmid DNA to the lungs offers the possibility of direct application of gene preparations to pulmonary surfaces as a means of treating a variety of genetic pulmonary disorders. However, the process of jet nebulization rapidly degrades naked DNA, viral vectors, and many lipid-based formulations. While complexing DNA with cationic lipids(More)
DNA degradation is a fundamental problem for any gene therapy or genetic immunization approach, since destruction of incoming genes translates into loss of gene expression. To characterize the biology of DNA degradation after naked DNA injection, the location and levels of tissue nucleases were assessed. Extracts from the serum, kidney, and liver of mice(More)
CONTEXT Cocaine dependence, which affects 2.5 million Americans annually, has no US Food and Drug Administration-approved pharmacotherapy. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the immunogenicity, safety, and efficacy of a novel cocaine vaccine to treat cocaine dependence. DESIGN A 24-week, phase 2b, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with efficacy(More)
To identify mechanisms which might facilitate emigration of HIV-1-infected cells from the circulation, we studied the effect of HIV-1 infection on T lymphocyte and monocytoid cell expression of molecules involved in adherence and translocation of leukocytes across endothelial cell barriers. CD11a, CD18, and ICAM-1 were demonstrated on up to 80% of(More)
The promoter region of the IL2R alpha gene 5' flanking sequence contains enhancer elements crucial for binding nuclear factors which upregulate transcription following T lymphocyte activation. A 3' exonuclease resistant oligonucleotide (3'A-IL28p, terminated by a free amine group at its 3' end) was designed to bind to the IL2R alpha promoter region from(More)
A transformed human B cell line, LA350, was found to be sensitive to cAMP-elevating agents by responding with rapid (0 to 2 h) severalfold elevations of intracellular cAMP to treatment with cholera toxin, isobutylmethylxanthine (IBMX), forskolin, and dibutyryl cAMP (all p less than 0.001). These cAMP-elevating agents also produced significant inhibitions of(More)