Frank M. Orson

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BACKGROUND Ara h 2 is a major peanut allergen recognized by IgE in more than 90% of patients. After electrophoretic separation the purified protein exists as a doublet, and sequences of one incomplete cDNA and one genomic clone for this allergen have been reported. METHODS Ara h 2 isoforms were purified and analyzed by mass spectroscopy, and PCR(More)
CONTEXT Cocaine dependence, which affects 2.5 million Americans annually, has no US Food and Drug Administration-approved pharmacotherapy. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the immunogenicity, safety, and efficacy of a novel cocaine vaccine to treat cocaine dependence. DESIGN A 24-week, phase 2b, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with efficacy(More)
In developing an vivo drug-interception therapy to treat cocaine abuse and hinder relapse into drug seeking provoked by re-encounter with cocaine, two promising agents are: (1) a cocaine hydrolase enzyme (CocH) derived from human butyrylcholinesterase and delivered by gene transfer; (2) an anti-cocaine antibody elicited by vaccination. Recent behavioral(More)
The currently available medications for the treatment of drug abuse have had only limited success. Anti-addiction vaccines, aimed at eliciting antibodies that block the pharmacological effects of drugs, have great potential for treating drug abuse. We review the status of two vaccines that are undergoing clinical trials (for cocaine and nicotine addiction)(More)
Aged individuals have depressed cell-mediated immunity and diminished T cell proliferation to mitogenic and antigenic stimuli. Because T cell responses depend on the surface expression and normal function of interleukin 2 receptors, we measured the quantities and affinities of cell surface IL-2R and the amount of soluble IL-2R alpha chain (p55) release in(More)
Substance abuse is a growing world-wide problem. The big four drugs of abuse that might lend themselves to immunotherapy are nicotine, cocaine, morphine/heroin and methamphetamine. Tobacco abuse has a well-known enormous impact on major chronic cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases, while the last three, aside from their neuropsychological effects, are(More)
Treatments for cocaine abuse have been disappointingly ineffective, especially in comparison with those for some other abused substances. A new approach, using vaccination to elicit specific antibodies to block the access of cocaine to the brain, has shown considerable promise in animal models, and more recently in human trials. The mechanism of action for(More)
Although cocaine is illegal in most countries of the world, addiction is common and increasing in many populations, and the effectiveness of current treatment options for those afflicted has been very limited. The availability of an anti-cocaine vaccine could offer help to those who wish to quit their addiction. A number of vaccines differing in their(More)
INTRODUCTION Addiction to cocaine is a major problem around the world, but especially in developed countries where the combination of wealth and user demand has created terrible social problems. Although only some users become truly addicted, those who are often succumb to a downward spiral in their lives from which it is very difficult to escape. From the(More)