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Autophagy is the cellular homeostatic pathway that delivers large cytosolic materials for degradation in the lysosome. Recent evidence indicates that autophagy mediates selective removal of protein aggregates, organelles and microbes in cells. Yet, the specificity in targeting a particular substrate to the autophagy pathway remains poorly understood. Here,(More)
Deregulated nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation plays an important role in inflammation and tumorigenesis. ABIN proteins have been characterized as negative regulators of NF-kappaB signaling. However, their mechanism of NF-kappaB inhibition remained unclear. With the help of a yeast two-hybrid screen, we identified ABIN proteins as novel(More)
The tetrameric state of p53, p63, and p73 has been considered one of the hallmarks of this protein family. While the DNA binding domain (DBD) is highly conserved among vertebrates and invertebrates, sequences C-terminal to the DBD are highly divergent. In particular, the oligomerization domain (OD) of the p53 forms of the model organisms Caenorhabditis(More)
The gamma-secretase complex has a decisive role in the development of Alzheimer's disease, in that it cleaves a precursor to create the amyloid beta peptide whose aggregates form the senile plaques encountered in the brains of patients. Gamma-secretase is a member of the intramembrane-cleaving proteases which process their transmembrane substrates within(More)
We demonstrate the high level expression of integral membrane proteins (IMPs) in a cell-free coupled transcription/translation system using a modified Escherichia coli S30 extract preparation and an optimized protocol. The expression of the E. coli small multidrug transporters EmrE and SugE containing four transmembrane segments (TMS), the multidrug(More)
G-quadruplex topologies of telomeric repeat sequences from vertebrates were investigated in the presence of molecular crowding (MC) mimetics, namely polyethylene glycol 200 (PEG), Ficoll 70 as well as Xenopus laevis egg extract by CD and NMR spectroscopy and native PAGE. Here, we show that the conformational behavior of the telomeric repeats in X. laevis(More)
Selective autophagy requires the specific segregation of targeted proteins into autophagosomes. The selectivity is mediated by autophagy receptors, such as p62 and NBR1, which can bind to autophagic effector proteins (Atg8 in yeast, MAP1LC3 protein family in mammals) anchored in the membrane of autophagosomes. Recognition of autophagy receptors by autophagy(More)
A wide range of organophosphorus nerve agents, including Soman, Sarin, and Tabun is efficiently hydrolyzed by the phosphotriesterase enzyme diisopropyl fluorophosphatase (DFPase) from Loligo vulgaris. To date, the lack of available inhibitors of DFPase has limited studies on its mechanism. The de novo design, synthesis, and characterization of substrate(More)
p73 and p63, the two ancestral members of the p53 family, are involved in neurogenesis, epithelial stem cell maintenance and quality control of female germ cells. The highly conserved oligomerization domain (OD) of tumor suppressor p53 is essential for its biological functions, and its structure was believed to be the prototype for all three proteins.(More)