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Autophagy is the cellular homeostatic pathway that delivers large cytosolic materials for degradation in the lysosome. Recent evidence indicates that autophagy mediates selective removal of protein aggregates, organelles and microbes in cells. Yet, the specificity in targeting a particular substrate to the autophagy pathway remains poorly understood. Here,(More)
Deregulated nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation plays an important role in inflammation and tumorigenesis. ABIN proteins have been characterized as negative regulators of NF-kappaB signaling. However, their mechanism of NF-kappaB inhibition remained unclear. With the help of a yeast two-hybrid screen, we identified ABIN proteins as novel(More)
The tetrameric state of p53, p63, and p73 has been considered one of the hallmarks of this protein family. While the DNA binding domain (DBD) is highly conserved among vertebrates and invertebrates, sequences C-terminal to the DBD are highly divergent. In particular, the oligomerization domain (OD) of the p53 forms of the model organisms Caenorhabditis(More)
Protein dynamics plays an important role in protein function. Many functionally important motions occur on the microsecond and low millisecond time scale and can be characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance relaxation experiments. We describe the different states of a peptidyl carrier protein (PCP) that play a crucial role in its function as a peptide(More)
The transcriptional regulator RcsB interacts with other coactivators to control the expression of biosynthetic operons in enterobacteria. While in a heterodimer complex with the regulator RcsA the RcsAB box consensus is recognized, DNA binding sites for RcsB without RcsA have also been identified. The conformation of RcsB might therefore be modulated upon(More)
Selective autophagy is mediated by the interaction of autophagy modifiers and autophagy receptors that also bind to ubiquitinated cargo. Optineurin is an autophagy receptor that plays a role in the clearance of cytosolic Salmonella. The interaction between receptors and modifiers is often relatively weak, with typical values for the dissociation constant in(More)
Selective autophagy requires the specific segregation of targeted proteins into autophagosomes. The selectivity is mediated by autophagy receptors, such as p62 and NBR1, which can bind to autophagic effector proteins (Atg8 in yeast, MAP1LC3 protein family in mammals) anchored in the membrane of autophagosomes. Recognition of autophagy receptors by autophagy(More)
Four types of polypeptide (1)J(C alpha X) couplings are examined, involving the main-chain carbon C(alpha) and either of four possible substituents. A total 3105 values of (1)J(C alpha H alpha), (1)J(C alpha C beta), (1)J(C alpha C'), and (1)J(C alpha N') were collected from six proteins, averaging 143.4 +/- 3.3, 34.9 +/- 2.5, 52.6 +/- 0.9, and 10.7 +/- 1.2(More)
Bovine beta-lactoglobulin (BLG) in vivo has been found complexed with fatty acids, especially palmitic and oleic acid. To elucidate the still unknown structure-function relationship in this protein, the interactions between 13C enriched palmitic acid (PA) and BLG were investigated by means of one-, two-, and three-dimensional NMR spectroscopy in the pH(More)
An extension to HN(CO-α/β-N,C(α)-J)-TROSY (Permi and Annila in J Biomol NMR 16:221-227, 2000) is proposed that permits the simultaneous determination of the four coupling constants (1) J (N'(i)Cα(i)), (2) J (HN(i)Cα(i)), (2) J (Cα(i-1)N'(i)), and (3) J (Cα(i-1)HN(i)) in (15)N,(13)C-labeled proteins. Contrasting the original scheme, in which two separate(More)