Frank Lindberg

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Most pyelonephritic Escherichia coli strains bind to digalactoside-containing glycolipids on uroepithelial cells. Purified Pap pili (pili associated with pyelonephritis) show the same binding specificity. A non-polar mutation early in the papA pilin gene abolishes formation of Pap pili but does not affect the degree of digalactoside-specific(More)
Escherichia coli strains bind to Gal alpha 1-4Gal-containing glycolipids via P pili-associated G-adhesins. Three functional classes of adhesins with different binding specificities are encoded by conserved G-alleles. We suggest that the Class I papG-allele of strain J96 is a novel acquisition possibly introduced via horizontal gene transfer into one of the(More)
Uropathogenic Escherichia coli adhere to uroepithelial cells by their digalactoside alpha-D-galactopyranosyl-(1----4)-beta-D-galactopyranose [alpha-D-Galp-(1----4)-beta-D-Galp or Gal alpha (1----4)Gal]-binding pili, which are composed of repeating identical subunits. The major subunit (PapA) of these pili is not required for binding, but the papF and papG(More)
Strains of the bacterium Escherichia coli that cause infections of the human urinary tract produce so-called Pap-pili, which are hair-like appendages consisting of about 10(3) helically arranged subunits of the protein PapA. These pili mediate binding to digalactoside-containing glycolipids present on the epithelial cells which line the urinary tract.(More)
Most uropathogenic strains of Escherichia coli produce heteropolymeric organelles, known as P pili, that bind to the globoseries of glycolipids present in the urinary tract. The formation of a P pilus is the result of a family of related proteins being coordinately assembled into the structure in a defined order with the adhesin located exclusively at the(More)
The papJ gene of uropathogenic Escherichia coli is required to maintain the integrity of Gal alpha (1-4)Gal-binding P pili. Electron microscopy and ELISA have established that strains carrying the papJ1 mutant allele have a large amount of pilus antigen free of the cells. In contrast to the whole pili released by strains unable to produce the PapH pilus(More)
Citrobacter freundii encodes an inducible chromosomal beta-lactamase similar to the constitutively expressed ampC beta-lactamase of Escherichia coli. In the latter species the ampC gene is located next to the fumarate reductase (frd) operon, whereas in C. freundii the ampC gene is known to be separated from frd by 1100 base pairs. This intervening DNA(More)
In Citrobacter freundii and Enterobacter cloacae, synthesis of AmpC beta-lactamase is inducible by the addition of beta-lactams to the growth medium. Spontaneous mutants that constitutively overproduce the enzyme occur at a high frequency. When the C. freundii ampC beta-lactamase gene is cloned into Escherichia coli together with the regulatory gene ampR,(More)
The papE, papF, and papG genes of uropathogenic Escherichia coli are dispensable for the synthesis and assembly of pili associated with pyelonephritis, called Pap pili. Phenotypically, papF and papG mediate digalactoside [alpha-D-Galp-(1----4)-beta-D-Galp)-specific adhesion. Although whole bacterial cells of a papE mutant bind to this receptor, purified(More)