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OBJECTIVE Patients with fibromyalgia (FM) frequently complain of poor memory, severe enough to affect job performance and to lead to disability. Yet common practices in neurocognitive examinations often fail to document cognitive abnormalities that match the severity of their memory complaints. Often, neuropsychologists gauge memory competence with measures(More)
The purpose of the present study was to replicate Rorschach signs of Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) using DSM-IV criteria of Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID). Women admitted to either an inpatient dissociative disorder's unit (n = 27) or a general psychiatric unit (n = 72) were given the Rorschach, which was scored for the Labott, Barach, and(More)
Relationships of four demographic variables and five affective variables to eight attributes of low back pain were investigated in 251 patients by stepwise, multivariate analysis. The demographic variables are age, sex, race, and education. The affective variables are state anxiety, trait anxiety anxiety, hostility, and depression. Seven of the pain(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the impact of distraction on the retention of rehearsed information in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). METHODS Data refer to the neurocognitive examination of 134 patients (91 with FMS and 43 control subjects) presenting with memory loss. Four neurocognitive measures free of distraction, along with 2 measures with added(More)
Pain words used to communicate suffering were analyzed to identify specific dimensions of back pain. The words were obtained from a group of 131 patients suffering from back pain who described their discomfort on a standardized 87-item pain questionnaire. The results indicate that words descriptive of back pain are not associated in completely random ways.(More)
Male-to-female transsexuals who reported an erotic interest in males showed different patterns of sexual activity. Sexual history was used to categorize a transsexual sample into three groups: 44% abstained from sexual activity (Inactive group), 19% were sexually active but avoided using their penis in sexual activity (Avoidant group), and 37% were sexually(More)
Memory decline and mental confusion frequently complicate the clinical presentation of fibromyalgia; however, formal cognitive examination often does not support deterioration. This paradox was examined in the context of dissociation, a condition with many cognitive similarities. Dissociation refers to the separation of parts of experience from the(More)
Information on the clinical characteristics and frequency of malingering among patients with low back pain was obtained in a survey mailed to orthopedic surgeons and neurosurgeons in 6 geographic regions of the United States. Working on the assumption that orthopedic surgeons and neurosurgeons are untapped historians of this clinical information, data from(More)
  • F Leavitt
  • 1990
Work-related injuries are invariably related to protracted disability; however, confusion abounds concerning the genesis of this phenomenon. The present study examined the linkage between psychological disturbance and protracted disability in patients with work-related and non work-related injuries. A comparison was made between 1373 patients injured at(More)
OBJECTIVE Abnormal processing of information in fibromyalgia may hold clues to brain abnormalities in this illness. The purpose of this study is to examine the speed of mental operations in people with the fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) under the pressure of time. The central question addresses whether FMS is associated with processing speed deficits across a(More)