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Two nondestructive evaluation methods, impact-induced stress wave techniques and ultrasonics, were investigated to detect lathe checks and knots in veneer, which were identified as key veneer quality properties for some engineered applications. Measurements included wave velocity and attenuation in the directions parallel and perpendicular to the grain. The(More)
A model has been developed for the within member variation of tensile strengths parallel to grain in nominal 38 × 89 mm No. 2 Spruce-Pine-Fir lumber. Tensile strength data from two modulus of elasticity matched groups were considered. Model parameters obtained from data group 1 were used to generate tensile strength profiles of lumber 6.10 m long. Within(More)
This paper elucidates the need to consider the effect of volume on brittle material strengths when these strengths are used in a strength theory. Specifically, Weibull weakest-link theory has been implemented with the Tsai-Wu strength theory to predict the ultimate load carrying capacity of a center point off-axis bending member made from Douglas-fir(More)
This paper presents a study on rolling shear damage accumulation and duration of load of cross-laminated timber (CLT) with low cycle fatigue tests. The study of the duration-of-load (DOL) effect on strength properties of wood products is typically challenging; it may be more challenging for non-edge-glued CLT considering crosswise layups of wood boards,(More)
Wood composites produced using aspen flakes have displayed interaction between manufacturing variables and stress-strain consolidation of these mats. This study brings an original approach to the process of wood composites within the analytical nonlinear continuum mechanics based model, developed to predict the consolidation of wood mats during part of the(More)
A nonlinear stochastic model has been formulated to simulate the stress-strain behavior of strandbased wood composites based on the constitutive properties of the wood strands. Prediction models of this type save time and money in the development of wood composites by computationally gauging the effects of varying raw material characteristics with limited(More)
The rolling shear and longitudinal shear behaviour of laminated Douglas fir veneers was studied using specimens with 15 layers of 2.5 mm veneers. The rolling shear specimens were constructed such that the 3 central veneers were cross-plies with grain angle oriented perpendicular to the long axis of the specimen. The other layers were orthogonal to the(More)