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Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a common, serious, inherited disease. The major cause of mortality in CF is lung disease, due to the failure of airway epithelial cells to express a functional product of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. A potential treatment for CF lung disease is the expression of CFTR in the airways following(More)
A polycationic peptide, protamine sulfate, USP, has been shown to be able to condense plasmid DNA efficiently for delivery into several different types of cells in vitro by several different types of cationic liposomes. The monovalent cationic liposomal formulations (DC-Chol and lipofectin) exhibited increased transfection activities comparable to that seen(More)
With the ultimate goal of developing safe and effective in vivo gene therapy for the treatment of Canavan disease and other neurological disorders, we developed a non-viral lipid-entrapped, polycation-condensed delivery system (LPD) for central nervous system gene transfer, in conjunction with adeno-associated virus (AAV)-based plasmids containing(More)
The HER-2/neu proto-oncogene is frequently amplified or overexpressed in human breast and ovarian cancers, and is significantly correlated with shorter survival. We have previously reported that the adenovirus type 5 early region 1A (E1A) gene product can repress HER-2/neu overexpression by repressing HER-2/neu promoter activity, and suppress the(More)
The major cause of mortality in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) is lung disease. Expression of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene product in the airways is a potential treatment. Clinical studies in which the CFTR cDNA was delivered to the respiratory epithelia of CF patients have resulted in modest, transient gene(More)
The HER-2/neu proto-oncogene is frequently amplified or overexpressed in many different types of human cancers, a phenomenon that has been shown to correlate with shorter survival time and lower survival rate in ovarian cancer patients. We previously reported that increased HER-2/neu expression led to more severe malignancy and increased metastatic(More)
Structures formed during interaction of cationic liposomes and plasmid DNA were studied by freeze-fracture electron microscopy and their morphology was found to be dependent on incubation time and DNA concentration. These structures were formed with liposomes composed of DC-Chol and DOPE after 30 min incubation at DNA:lipid concentrations encompassing(More)
Trials of gene transfer for cystic fibrosis (CF) are currently underway. However, direct application to the airways may be impeded by the presence of airway secretions. We have therefore assessed the effect of CF sputum on the expression of the reporter gene beta-galactosidase complexed with the cationic liposome DC-Chol/DOPE in a number of cell lines in(More)
Functional assessment of the efficacy of CFTR gene transfer protocols in humans has previously involved measurement of in vivo potential difference. We have studied whether freshly obtained airway epithelial cells may provide suitable tissue for studies of in vivo gene transfer using fluorescent digital imaging microscopy. Nasal epithelial cells from(More)
Clinical trials using cationic liposome-mediated DNA transfer have now been initiated for several disorders including cystic fibrosis. Previous studies have shown that the level of gene expression achieved may be dependent on the formulation of the DNA-liposome complex and the cell type transfected. We have investigated, in vitro, the effect of parameters(More)