Frank K Samson

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1. A comparison of the azimuth tuning of single neurons to broadband noise and to best frequency (BF) tone bursts was made in primary auditory cortex (AI: n = 173) and the medial geniculate body (MGB: n = 52) of barbiturate-anesthetized cats. Observations were largely restricted to cells located within the tonotopically organized divisions of the MGB (i.e.,(More)
Monaural spectral contrast mechanism for neural sensitivity to sound direction in the medial geniculate body of the cat. J. Neurophysiol. 78: 2754-2771, 1997. Central auditory neurons vary in sound direction sensitivity. Insensitive cells discharge well to all sound source directions, whereas sensitive cells discharge well to certain directions and poorly(More)
We tested two hypotheses to determine whether dorsal cochlear nucleus (DCN) neurons are specialized to derive directionality from spectral notches: DCN neurons exhibit greater spectral-dependent directionality than ventral cochlear nucleus (VCN) neurons, and spectral-dependent directionality depends on response minima (nulls) produced by coincidence of best(More)
Azimuth tuning of high-frequency neurons in the primary auditory cortex (AI) is known to depend on binaural disparity and monaural spectral (pinna) cues present in broadband noise bursts. Single-unit response patterns differ according to binaural interactions, strength of monaural excitatory input from each ear, and azimuth sensitivity to monaural(More)
We recorded high-best-frequency single-unit responses to free-field noise bursts that varied in intensity and azimuth to determine whether inferior colliculus (IC) neurons derive directionality from monaural spectral-shape. Sixty-nine percent of the sample was directional (much more responsive at some azimuths than others). One hundred twenty-nine(More)
1. Single-unit recordings were carried out in primary auditory cortex (AI) of barbiturate-anesthetized cats. Neurons, sensitive to sound direction in the horizontal plane (azimuth), were identified by their responses to noise bursts, presented in the free field, that varied in azimuth and sound pressure level (SPL). SPLs typically varied between 0 and 80 dB(More)
1. Single-unit recordings were carried out in primary auditory cortex (AI) of barbiturate-anesthetized cats. Observations were based on a sample of 131 high-best-frequency (> 5 kHz), azimuth-sensitive neurons. These were identified by their responses to a set of noise bursts, presented in the free field, that varied in azimuth and sound-pressure level(More)
Our work characterizes the effects of opiate (morphine) dependence on auditory brainstem and visual evoked responses in a rhesus macaque model of neuro-AIDS utilizing a chronic continuous drug delivery paradigm. The goal of this study was to clarify whether morphine is protective, or if it exacerbates simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-related systemic and(More)
The temporal properties of spontaneous and (or) evoked discharges of 157 neurons localized in dorsal cochlear nucleus of anaesthetized cats have been studied. Tone bursts were presented at stimulus best frequency in a free field from the side of ipsilateral ear. About half of cells were characterized by paused or build-up types of the discharge. For all(More)