Frank Köster

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The aim of the present study was to evaluate the expression of receptors for luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) in human specimens of triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC). In addition, we used in vitro and in vivo models of TNBC to investigate if these receptors are suitable targets for the treatment with the LHRH antagonist cetrorelix. Receptors(More)
The major tools used to make population viability analyses (PVA) quantitative are stochastic models of population dynamics. Since a specially tailored model cannot be developed for every threatened population, generic models have been designed which can be parameterised and analysed by non-modellers. These generic models compromise on detail so that they(More)
It has been postulated that apoptosis may affect cumulus cell and sperm DNA integrity, and therefore influence the outcome of assisted reproductive techniques. This study investigates apoptotic levels in both cumulus cells and spermatozoa, and their relationship with fertilization and embryo quality after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). The neutral(More)
Various attempts to detect human pituitary growth hormone-releasing hormone receptor (pGHRH-R) in neoplastic extrapituitary tissues have thus far failed. Recently, four splice variants (SVs) of GHRH-R have been described, of which SV1 has the highest structural homology to pGHRH-R and likely plays a role in tumor growth. The aim of this study was to(More)
GHRH antagonists have been shown to inhibit growth of various human cancer cell lines xenografted into nude mice including estrogen receptor negative human breast cancers. Previous observations also suggest that GHRH locally produced in diverse neoplasms including breast cancer might directly affect proliferation of tumor cells. In the present study we(More)
INTRODUCTION The polycomb group (PcG) proteins form chromatin-modifying complexes that are commonly deregulated in cancer. The PcG protein BMI-I is overexpressed by various tumours and thus may contribute to malignant transformation. The current study investigated the expression of BMI-I in human specimens of breast, ovarian, endometrial and cervical(More)
IMPLICATIONS We report six cases of anaphylactoid reaction after the administration of the muscle relaxant cisatracurium. They include two first-time documented anaphylactoid reactions after a precurarising dose. These incidents challenge existing views of a substantially reduced anaphylactoid potential of cisatracurium relative to other muscle relaxants.
The aim of this study was to investigate the concentrations of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), leptin, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1beta and IL-6, in cycles with a premature rise of serum progesterone. 25 intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles with (Group 1) and 25 ICSI cycles(More)
BACKGROUND In intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), there is always a risk of using spermatozoa with damaged DNA. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the percentage of spermatozoa with DNA fragmentation in processed semen samples used in ICSI cycles and to investigate the relationship between the DNA fragmentation index (DFI) and the ICSI outcome.(More)
We investigated the effect of antagonists of growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) MZ-J-7-138 and JV-1-92 on H460 human non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) xenografted orthotopically into nude mice. Treatment with MZ-J-7-138 or JV-1-92 inhibited orthotopic growth of H460 NSCLC by 52-65% (P < 0.001) and was associated with a significant decrease in(More)