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Congestive heart failure is a leading cause of mortality in developed countries. Myocardial hypertrophy resulting from hypertension often precedes heart failure. Understanding the signaling underlying cardiac hypertrophy and failure is of major interest. Here, we identified Fas receptor activation, a classical death signal causing apoptosis via activation(More)
OBJECTIVE The signaling pathways mediating proliferation and apoptosis in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) are not well established. It has previously been shown that activation of the phosphoinositide 3-OH kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway or the ERK 1/2 pathway can mediate anti-apoptotic function in different cell types. This study determined the specific(More)
The relationship between hypoxia and regulation of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in myocardial tissue is not well understood. We investigated the role of hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) on expression of the inducible NOS (iNOS) in myocardial cells in vivo and in vitro. In situ hybridization in myocardial tissue from rats exposed to hypoxia for 3 weeks(More)
The slow/cardiac troponin C (cTnC) gene is expressed in three distinct striated muscle lineages: cardiac myocytes, embryonic fast skeletal myotubes, and adult slow skeletal myocytes. We have reported previously that cTnC gene expression in cardiac muscle is regulated by a cardiac-specific promoter/enhancer located in the 5' flanking region of the gene (bp(More)
The slow/cardiac troponin C (cTnC) gene has been used as a model system for defining the molecular mechanisms that regulate cardiac and skeletal muscle-specific gene expression during mammalian development. cTnC is expressed continuously in both embryonic and adult cardiac myocytes but is expressed only transiently in embryonic fast skeletal myotubes. We(More)
Affect sensing by machines has been argued as an essential part of next-generation human-computer interaction (HCI). To this end, in the recent years a large number of studies have been conducted, which report automatic recognition of emotion as a difficult, but feasible task. However most effort has been put towards offline analysis, whereas to date only(More)
The effect of prolonged hypoxia as well as the molecular mechanisms on cardiac cell death is not well established. A possible role of Bcl-2 and Bax in hypoxia-induced apoptosis in different cell types has been proposed. Here we demonstrate the effect of hypoxia on the induction of apoptosis and the expression of Bcl-2-like proteins in vivo and in vitro.(More)
Tyrosine kinase cascades may play a role in the hypoxic regulation of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1. We investigated the role of tyrosine kinase phosphorylation and of the Shc/Ras cascade on hypoxic HIF-1 stabilization. Exposure of human umbilical vein endothelial cells to hypoxia results in HIF protein stabilization as early as 10 minutes, with a(More)
Affect sensing by machines is an essential part of next-generation human-computer interaction (HCI). However, despite the large effort carried out in this field during the last decades, only few applications exist, which are able to react to a user's emotion in real-time. This is certainly due to the fact that emotion recognition is a challenging part in(More)