Learn More
The aim of this study was to investigate whether post-exercise vitamin C supplementation influences recovery from an unaccustomed bout of exercise. Sixteen male subjects were allocated to either a placebo (P; n=8) or vitamin C (VC) group (n=8). Subjects performed a prolonged (90-min) intermittent shuttle-running test, and supplementation began after the(More)
BACKGROUND Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) generates reactive oxygen species in skin that can play a role in skin damage, but reports about the photoprotective properties of oral antioxidant supplements are conflicting. OBJECTIVE We examined the ability of 2 lipid-soluble antioxidants, vitamin E and beta-carotene, to reduce markers of oxidative stress and(More)
Exercise involving lengthening muscle actions, such as downhill running, results in delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), which may be attributable to reactive oxygen species (ROS). Although exercise causes oxidative stress, any link between ROS and DOMS remains speculative. There is emerging evidence to suggest that ROS play an important physiological(More)
In a series of 200 patients with uncomplicated hypospadias, 6 (3 per cent) had an anomaly of the upper urinary tract. However, even this low figure is an overestimate of the usefulness of the intravenous pyelogram as a screening procedure since none of the patients has had related symptoms and none has required treatment for his anomaly. The implication(More)
Dietary omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 PUFAs) protect against photocarcinogenesis in animals, but prospective human studies are scarce. The mechanism(s) underlying the photoprotection are uncertain, although omega-3 PUFAs may influence oxidative stress. We examined the effect of supplementation on a range of indicators of ultraviolet radiation(More)
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) inhibit ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced inflammation and other inflammatory states, in vivo. We examined whether this may be mediated by modulation of interleukin (IL)-8, a chemokine pivotal to skin inflammation induced by UVB, in epidermal and dermal cells. We also explored the ability of n-3 PUFA to protect(More)
It is shown that a real-time electrical impedance tomography (EIT) system can be used to image the flow of saline through the human vascular system. A 10 ml bolus of 0.9% saline injected intravenously distal to an EIT imaging plane allows venous flow to be observed. Measurements on a cylindrical tank with flow along axial conductive tubes have been used to(More)
BACKGROUND Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) occurs after unaccustomed exercise and has been suggested to be attributable to reactive oxygen species (ROS). Previous studies have shown increased ROS after lengthening contractions, attributable to invading phagocytes. Plasma glucose is a vital fuel for phagocytes, therefore carbohydrate (CHO) status before(More)
Applied potential tomography (APT) images can be collected at a rate of 24 per second and data collection can be synchronised with the ECG. Images thus obtained from a thoracic plane allow the spatial separation of impedance changes originating in the heart, aorta and lungs and have raised the possibility of detecting pulmonary perfusion abnormalities from(More)