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The quality of sleep is significantly compromised in many patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and may be further diminished when certain comorbidities are present. A reduced sleep quality is associated with daytime consequences like fatigue, psychiatric problems and an impaired quality of life. Sleep induces physiologic alterations in(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Chronic hypercapnia in patients with COPD has been associated with a poor prognosis. We hypothesized that, within this group of chronic hypercapnic COPD patients, factors that could mediate this hypercapnia, such as decreased maximum inspiratory mouth pressure (P(I(max))), decreased maximum expiratory mouth pressure (P(E(max))), and low(More)
BACKGROUND Benzodiazepines can improve sleep quality, but are also thought to cause respiratory depression in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aims of this study were to assess the effects of temazepam on indices of circadian respiratory function, dyspnea, sleep quality, and sleepiness in patients with severe COPD and(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether the discontinuation of furosemide treatment resulted in a decrease in PaCO(2) and an increase in daytime and nocturnal oxygenation. BACKGROUND Furosemide is widely prescribed in patients with COPD for the treatment of peripheral edema. It is known that furosemide causes a metabolic alkalosis. A diminished chemoreceptor(More)
Water-displacement volumetry can be used for quantifying the volume of the leg. However, not much is known about its application in patients with peripheral oedema of cardiopulmonary origin. We measured the reproducibility of a water-displacement apparatus with a solid object and in ten non-oedematous clinical patients (group A). The day-to-day variability(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure to house dust mite (HDM) allergens often results in worsening of asthma. Therefore, avoidance of exposure to HDM allergens is often proposed. Unfortunately, the most effective and feasible avoidance strategy is still not completely assessed. Consequently, we investigated the effects of a combined HDM avoidance strategy on HDM allergen(More)
Fatigue in the immune mediated inflammatory disease sarcoidosis is thought to be associated with impaired exercise tolerance. This prospective study assessed fatigue and recuperative capacity after repeated exercise, and examined whether changing concentrations in biomarkers upon exercise are associated with fatigue. Twenty sarcoidosis patients and 10(More)
The relationship between asthma medication and the perception of asthma symptoms is of interest for daily practice. Poor perception of asthma symptoms might influence patients' health care behavior and subsequently might lead to undertreatment and deterioration of their disease. This study investigated the influence of the chronic use of short-acting and(More)
The total respiratory impedance was measured at various frequencies (4 to 52 Hz) with a pseudo-random-noise forced oscillation technique (FOT). The apparatus (Oscillaire) was connected with a spirometer forming a closed respiratory circuit in which gas concentrations were kept constant. Measurements were made in 15 healthy subjects (group 1) and in 30(More)
BACKGROUND Using a fixed ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 s to forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) < 0.70 instead of the lower limit of normal (LLN) to define chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may lead to overdiagnosis of COPD in elderly patients with heart failure (HF) and consequently unnecessary treatment with possible adverse health(More)