Frank J. E. Falco

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Nerve conduction studies are increasingly being performed on elderly individuals; however, no standardized data for the elderly population exists to provide an accurate interpretation of electrodiagnostic findings. The purpose of this study was to provide standardized data in the healthy elderly for the nerves of the upper limb that are routinely chosen for(More)
Median, ulnar, and radial nerve conduction studies (NCS) were performed in 44 subjects. Student's t-test was used to compare nerve conduction velocities (NCV), distal latencies (DL), and distal amplitudes (DAMP) for the two sexes. Only the sensory DAMPs showed statistical significance (p < .001) for gender. Women had greater mean median (52.4 microV vs 31.4(More)
STUDY DESIGN A randomized, double-blind, controlled trial. OBJECTIVE To determine the clinical effectiveness of therapeutic lumbar facet joint nerve blocks with or without steroids in managing chronic low back pain of facet joint origin. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Lumbar facet joints have been shown as the source of chronic pain in 21% to 41% of low(More)
Temperature control and standardized technique, along with consideration of age, height, finger circumference, and instrumentation is imperative for appropriate interpretation of electrodiagnostic studies. Normative data must be based on these factors in adequate numbers of healthy subjects. This study provides comprehensive normative electrodiagnostic data(More)
Nerve conduction studies are commonly performed in elderly individuals. No complete set of reference data for the distal lower limb nerves exists for this population, making it difficult to accurately interpret electrodiagnostic findings. The purpose of this study was to provide reliable reference data by comprehensively examining conduction characteristics(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Despite ongoing clinical suspicion regarding the relationship between sacroiliac joint (SIJ) dysfunction and lower extremity symptoms, there is a paucity of scientific literature addressing this topic. The purpose of this study was to describe patterns of contrast extravasation during SIJ arthrography and postarthrography CT in(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate prospectively and analyze the relationship of tibial nerve H reflex latency to age, sex, leg length, and skin temperature in a large healthy elderly population. The H reflex was recorded bilaterally in 92% of 103 carefully screened individuals aged 60-88 years. The mean H reflex latency was 30.8 (SD = 2.6) and 30.7(More)
BACKGROUND The efficacy of epidural and facet joint injections has been assessed utilizing multiple solutions including saline, local anesthetic, steroids, and others. The responses to these various solutions have been variable and have not been systematically assessed with long-term follow-ups. METHODS Randomized trials utilizing a true active control(More)
Study Design. A randomized, double-blind, active-control trial. Objective. To determine the clinical effectiveness of therapeutic thoracic facet joint nerve blocks with or without steroids in managing chronic mid back and upper back pain. Summary of Background Data. The prevalence of thoracic facet joint pain has been established as 34% to 42%. Multiple(More)
Lumbar spine injections have a role in the evaluation and treatment of low back pain. These injection procedures have been demonstrated to be effective in determining whether certain structures are responsible for low back pain. There is still debate as to the long-term pain relief from epidural and intra-articular facet joint injections, and there are no(More)