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This study was completed to determine how ventilatory responses change by means of speech reading at three different sound pressure levels (SPL) as compared to quiet breathing prior to each task. The energy required to alter SPL was also studied and compared to energy expenditures during a quiet breathing condition. Twenty-four adults (12 women, 12 men)(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE The Ravitch repair of pectus excavatum removes segments of abnormal costal cartilages after which the sternum is elevated and stabilized. Some investigators have found a worsening in total lung capacity postoperatively. Recently, a technique has been used in which the costal cartilages are preserved, and the sternum is elevated with an(More)
Resting oxygen consumption (VO2) and minute ventilation (VE) were measured on nine control subjects and 13 patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). In patients with CF, VO2 was 20% higher (P less than 0.01) when expressed per m2 and 47% higher (P less than 0.001) when expressed per kg body weight, and VE was 58% higher when expressed per m2 and 94% higher when(More)
We compared the cardiorespiratory adaptations to exercise of 21 patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) with those of 17 age-, height-, and weight-matched subjects without lung disease. To assess differences in adaptations to exercise in patients with varying severities of pulmonary disease, we grouped them on the basis of their lung function tests results.(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between asthma and obesity in children and adolescents. DESIGN Medical record review. SETTING Urban community health center. PARTICIPANTS One hundred seventy-one children aged 4 to 16 years, 85 with asthma and 86 nonasthmatic controls. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Diagnosis of asthma, age, and sex-adjusted body(More)
This study examined the effect of alterations in rat intramuscular connective tissue (CT), secondary to limb immobilization, on the muscle's susceptibility to contraction-induced injury. Hindlimbs were casted for 3 wk with the extensor digitorum longus muscle fixed in a shortened (IM-SP) or lengthened position (IM-LP). An age-matched control group remained(More)
OBJECTIVE Recommendations for adult physical activity have shifted from 20 to 60 minutes of continuous vigorous activity 3 to 5 times a week to accumulation of 30 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity most days of the week. Variations of these guidelines also have been suggested for children, based on the idea of accumulating moderate to(More)
Appropriate, regular exercise is of benefit to patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). As with other segments of the population, it has been difficult to devise exercise programs to which most patients will adhere for long periods of time. In healthy children, factors that are related to positive exercise compliance include social support, perceptions of(More)
Bronchial hygiene therapy is a standard part of the treatment of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Coughing alone promotes sputum expectoration and is probably the primary effective component of standard bronchial hygiene therapy. The purpose of this study was to determine whether substituting regular exercise, which also promotes coughing, for two of(More)
To test the hypothesis that muscle sound amplitudes would remain constant during sustained submaximal isometric contractions, we recorded acoustic myograms from the abductor digiti minimi muscle in 12 subjects at 15, 25, 50, and 75% of a maximum voluntary contraction (MVC). Muscle sounds were detected with an omni-directional electret microphone encased in(More)