Frank J. Cerny

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To test the hypothesis that muscle sound amplitudes would remain constant during sustained submaximal isometric contractions, we recorded acoustic myograms from the abductor digiti minimi muscle in 12 subjects at 15, 25, 50, and 75% of a maximum voluntary contraction (MVC). Muscle sounds were detected with an omni-directional electret microphone encased in(More)
European Neandertals employed a complex set of physiological cold defenses, homologous to those seen in contemporary humans and nonhuman primates. While Neandertal morphological patterns, such as foreshortened extremities and low relative surface-area, may have explained some of the variance in cold resistance, it is suggested the adaptive package was(More)
In a comparative study 11 athletes and 11 untrained students were investigated at rest, of these 6 trained and 5 untrained individuals during exercise as well. Myocardial blood flow was measured by the argon method. Myocardial oxygen consumption, myocardial substrate uptake of glucose, lactate, and free fatty acids and cardiac output were determined by the(More)
Relative merits of three methods of diaphragmatic hernia repair were evaluated in growing animals. Twenty-five puppies underwent laparotomy. In four controls, the left hemidiaphragm was incised and sutured primarily. In the remaining dogs, it was partially resected sparing the phrenic nerve. The defects were repaired in six with silastic sheeting, in eight(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE The Ravitch repair of pectus excavatum removes segments of abnormal costal cartilages after which the sternum is elevated and stabilized. Some investigators have found a worsening in total lung capacity postoperatively. Recently, a technique has been used in which the costal cartilages are preserved, and the sternum is elevated with an(More)
Appropriate, regular exercise is of benefit to patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). As with other segments of the population, it has been difficult to devise exercise programs to which most patients will adhere for long periods of time. In healthy children, factors that are related to positive exercise compliance include social support, perceptions of(More)
This study was completed to determine how ventilatory responses change by means of speech reading at three different sound pressure levels (SPL) as compared to quiet breathing prior to each task. The energy required to alter SPL was also studied and compared to energy expenditures during a quiet breathing condition. Twenty-four adults (12 women, 12 men)(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between asthma and obesity in children and adolescents. DESIGN Medical record review. SETTING Urban community health center. PARTICIPANTS One hundred seventy-one children aged 4 to 16 years, 85 with asthma and 86 nonasthmatic controls. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Diagnosis of asthma, age, and sex-adjusted body(More)
OBJECTIVE Recommendations for adult physical activity have shifted from 20 to 60 minutes of continuous vigorous activity 3 to 5 times a week to accumulation of 30 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity most days of the week. Variations of these guidelines also have been suggested for children, based on the idea of accumulating moderate to(More)
Resting oxygen consumption (VO2) and minute ventilation (VE) were measured on nine control subjects and 13 patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). In patients with CF, VO2 was 20% higher (P less than 0.01) when expressed per m2 and 47% higher (P less than 0.001) when expressed per kg body weight, and VE was 58% higher when expressed per m2 and 94% higher when(More)