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This study was completed to determine how ventilatory responses change by means of speech reading at three different sound pressure levels (SPL) as compared to quiet breathing prior to each task. The energy required to alter SPL was also studied and compared to energy expenditures during a quiet breathing condition. Twenty-four adults (12 women, 12 men)(More)
OBJECTIVE Recommendations for adult physical activity have shifted from 20 to 60 minutes of continuous vigorous activity 3 to 5 times a week to accumulation of 30 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity most days of the week. Variations of these guidelines also have been suggested for children, based on the idea of accumulating moderate to(More)
This study examined the effect of alterations in rat intramuscular connective tissue (CT), secondary to limb immobilization, on the muscle's susceptibility to contraction-induced injury. Hindlimbs were casted for 3 wk with the extensor digitorum longus muscle fixed in a shortened (IM-SP) or lengthened position (IM-LP). An age-matched control group remained(More)
To test the hypothesis that muscle sound amplitudes would remain constant during sustained submaximal isometric contractions, we recorded acoustic myograms from the abductor digiti minimi muscle in 12 subjects at 15, 25, 50, and 75% of a maximum voluntary contraction (MVC). Muscle sounds were detected with an omni-directional electret microphone encased in(More)
Bronchial hygiene therapy is a standard part of the treatment of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Coughing alone promotes sputum expectoration and is probably the primary effective component of standard bronchial hygiene therapy. The purpose of this study was to determine whether substituting regular exercise, which also promotes coughing, for two of(More)
Tilting from supine to upright purportedly enhances both segmental and pulmonary proprioceptive feedback, whereas an expiratory threshold load (ETL) preferentially enhances pulmonary feedback. To test this we studied 13 adults when supine and 60 degrees and 90 degrees head up. We measured tidal volume, inspiratory duration (TI), and expiratory duration (TE)(More)
Abdominal muscles serve multiple roles, but the functional organization of their motoneurons remains unclear. To gain insight, we recorded single motor unit potentials from the internal oblique (IO) and transversus abdominis (TA) muscles of three standing subjects during quiet breathing, a leg lift, and an expiratory threshold load. Inspiratory airflow,(More)
In children, levels of play, physical activity, and fitness are key indicators of health and disease and closely tied to optimal growth and development. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) provides clinicians with biomarkers of disease and effectiveness of therapy, and researchers with novel insights into fundamental biological mechanisms reflecting an(More)
Many occupations, particularly involving maintenance operations, require individuals to perform both physical tasks and mental tasks in restricted spaces. Researchers have examined physical task performance under various restrictions; however, little research has investigated the effects of restricted space on cognitive tasks. Cognitive task performance in(More)