Frank J. Calzone

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Pancreatic carcinoma is a leading cause of cancer deaths, and recent clinical trials of a number of oncology therapeutics have not substantially improved clinical outcomes. We have evaluated the therapeutic potential of AMG 479, a fully human monoclonal antibody against insulin-like growth factor (IGF) type I receptor (IGF-IR), in two IGF-IR-expressing(More)
Ewing's and osteogenic sarcoma are two of the leading causes of cancer deaths in children and adolescents. Recent data suggest that sarcomas may depend on the insulin-like growth factor type 1 (IGF-1) receptor (IGF1R) and/or the insulin receptor (INSR) to drive tumor growth, survival, and resistance to mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1)(More)
Amplification of the HER-2 receptor tyrosine kinase has been implicated in the pathogenesis and aggressive behavior of approximately 25% of invasive human breast cancers. Clinical and experimental evidence suggest that aberrant HER-2 signaling contributes to tumor initiation and disease progression. Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) is the dominant(More)
Increasing evidence continues to emerge supporting the early hypothesis that BRCA1 might be involved in transcriptional processes. BRCA1 physically associates with more than 15 different proteins involved in transcription and is paradoxically involved in both transcriptional activation and repression. However, the underlying mechanism by which BRCA1 affects(More)
BACKGROUND Therapeutic antibodies targeting the IGF1R have shown diverse efficacy and safety signals in oncology clinical trials. The success of these agents as future human therapeutics depends on understanding the specific mechanisms by which these antibodies target IGF1R signaling. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS A panel of well-characterized assays was(More)
PURPOSE Insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-IR) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of ovarian cancer. Ganitumab is an investigational, fully human monoclonal antibody against IGF-IR. Here, we explore the therapeutic potential of ganitumab for the treatment of ovarian cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The effects of ganitumab were tested in vitro(More)
In preclinical models, both dietary fat reduction and insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF-1R) blockade individually inhibit prostate cancer xenograft growth. We hypothesized that a low-fat diet combined with IGF-1R blockade would cause additive inhibition of prostate cancer growth and offset possible untoward metabolic effects of IGF-1R blockade(More)
Ganitumab is a fully human MAB to the human type 1 IGF receptor (IGF1R). Binding assays showed that ganitumab recognized murine IGF1R with sub-nanomolar affinity (KD=0.22 nM) and inhibited the interaction of murine IGF1R with IGF1 and IGF2. Ganitumab inhibited IGF1-induced activation of IGF1R in murine lungs and CT26 murine colon carcinoma cells and tumors.(More)
In pre-clinical models, both dietary fat reduction and IGF-I receptor (IGF-1R) blockade individually inhibit prostate cancer xenograft growth. We hypothesized that a low-fat diet combined with IGF-1R blockade would cause additive inhibition of prostate cancer growth and offset possible untoward metabolic effects of IGF-1R blockade antibody therapy. Fifty(More)
Nontranslatable transcripts containing interspersed repetitive sequence elements constitute a major fraction of the poly(A) RNA stored in the cytoplasm of both the sea urchin egg and the amphibian oocyte. We report the first complete sequence of a representative interspersed maternal RNA transcript, called ISpl. The transcript is about 3.7 kb in length(More)