Frank I Tarazi

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Postnatal development of dopamine D(1), D(2) and D(4) receptors in the caudate-putamen, nucleus accumbens, frontal cortex and hippocampus was assessed in rat brain between postnatal days 7 and 60. In the caudate-putamen and nucleus accumbens, density of all three receptor subtypes increased to a peak at postnatal day 28, then declined significantly in both(More)
Prenatal stress greatly influences the ability of an individual to manage stressful events in adulthood. Such vulnerability may result from abnormalities in the development and integration of forebrain dopaminergic and glutamatergic projections during the prenatal period. In this study, we assessed the effects of prenatal stress on the expression of(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of memory impairment and dementia in the elderly. AD is pathologically characterized by extracellular deposits of beta-amyloid (Aβ) peptide, neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) composed of hyperphosphorylated tau, neuronal loss, and neurotransmitter dysfunction. Clinically, AD is characterized by progressive(More)
Antipsychotic drugs are often prescribed to juvenile psychiatric patients, though their cerebral effects during development are incompletely described. Accordingly, we studied the effects of repeated treatment with dissimilar antipsychotic drugs on dopamine (DA) receptors in juvenile vs. adult rats. Tissue levels of DA receptor types (D1, D2, D3, and D4) in(More)
Changes in D1-, D2- and D4-like dopamine receptor binding in rat brain were examined by quantitative autoradiography following: (i) unilateral surgical ablation of frontal cerebral cortex to remove descending projections to corpus striatum and nucleus accumbens, (ii) unilateral injections of kainic acid into corpus striatum or nucleus accumbens to(More)
Density of dopamine transporter (DAT) and serotonin transporter (5-HTT) membrane proteins in the caudate-putamen (CPu) and nucleus accumbens (NAc) of rat brain was assessed at seven ages at postnatal days (PD) 7-60, by in vitro quantitative autoradiography. Binding of [3H]GBR-12935 (to DAT) and [3H]paroxetine (to 5-HTT) increased steadily and very(More)
Modified dopamine and glutamate neurotransmission in discrete brain regions is implicated in stimulant-induced behavioral sensitization. Release of both neurotransmitters is influenced by GABA(B) metabotropic receptors for the principal inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA. Accordingly, GABA(B) receptors were examined in rats sensitized to amphetamine by(More)
Postnatal development of dopamine D1-like (D1/D5) receptors in rat caudate-putamen (CPu), nucleus accumbens (NAc), hippocampus, frontal and entorhinal cerebral cortex was assessed between postnatal days (PD) 7-60 by in vitro receptor autoradiography. Density of [3H]SCH-23390 binding to D1-like receptors increased from PD-7 to a peak at PD-28 in CPu(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by a loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. There is a need for genetic animal models of PD for screening and in vivo testing of novel restorative therapeutic agents. Although current genetic models of PD produce behavioral impairment and nigrostriatal dysfunction, they do(More)
Stressful stimuli during pregnancy induce complex effects that influence the development of offspring. These effects can be prevented by environmental manipulations during the early postnatal period. Repeated restraint during the last week of pregnancy was used as a model of prenatal stress, and adoption at birth was used to change the postnatal(More)