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In scrapie-affected sheep flocks, host PrP genotype plays a vital role in determining which sheep will succumb to scrapie and the incubation period. Consequently, within-flock scrapie dynamics is best understood within the context of the genotype profile of the flock. Here we describe a 17 month epidemic of scrapie in a commercially farmed flock of 230(More)
Different cellular and neuroanatomical types of disease-specific prion protein (PrP(d)) accumulation in the brain were identified in sheep of different breeds and PrP genotypes exposed to experimental or natural scrapie infection. Immunohistochemical examination of the brains of 43 sheep with clinical signs compatible with scrapie revealed 12 different(More)
We have shown that it is possible to transmit bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) to a sheep by transfusion with whole blood taken from another sheep during the symptom-free phase of an experimental BSE infection. BSE and variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) In human beings are caused by the same infectious agent, and the sheep-BSE experimental model(More)
Detailed neuropathological examination for vacuolar lesions was performed on the brains of 42 sheep with clinical signs compatible with scrapie. The sheep were grouped according to their breed (Poll-Dorset, Cheviot, Welsh Mountain, Shetland and Suffolk), their PrP genotype at codons 136, 154 and 171 (VRQ/VRQ, VRQ/ARQ, VRQ/ARR and ARQ/ARQ) and the type of(More)
PURPOSE Abutment screw loosening, especially in the case of cemented single tooth restorations, is a cause of implant restoration failure. This study compared three screws (titanium alloy, gold alloy, and gold-coated) with similar geometry by recording the preload induced when torques of 10, 20, and 35 Ncm were used for fixation. MATERIALS AND METHODS Two(More)
UNLABELLED Decreased rates of transmission of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) to sheep have been attributed to some polymorphisms of the prion protein (PrP) and to a 'species barrier' on interspecies experiments. In addition, the blood-brain barrier may be a further impediment to TSE neuroinvasion. The intracerebral (I/C) route is generally(More)
W ilkie and Moore (2003) divide up the historical development of marketing thought into four eras. The goal in this essay is to provide my perspective on the latter two eras, starting with the year-long program in 1959 sponsored by the Ford Foundation and ending with my current experiences with the globalization of the marketing profession. In the process,(More)
This study was undertaken in a young Irish population to determine the dimensions and ratios of the six maxillary anterior teeth. One hundred and nine Irish subjects (age 18-25 inclusive) had irreversible hydrocolloid impressions made of their maxillary dentition poured in type V stone. Clinical crown dimensions were measured with a digital calliper. The(More)
Scrapie control in Great Britain (GB) was originally based on the National Scrapie Plan's Ram Genotyping scheme aimed at reducing the susceptibility of the national flock. The current official strategy to control scrapie in the national flock involves culling susceptible genotypes in individual, known affected flocks (compulsory scrapie flock scheme or(More)