Learn More
The plant-specific LBD (Lateral Organ Boundaries Domain) gene family is essential in the regulation of plant lateral organ development and is involved in the regulation of anthocyanin and nitrogen metabolism. LBD proteins contain a characteristic LOB domain composed of a C-motif required for DNA-binding, a conserved glycine residue, and a(More)
Root development of Arabidopsis, Zea mays (maize) and Oryza sativa (rice) differs in both overall architecture and the anatomy of individual roots. In maize and rice, the post-embryonic shoot-borne root system becomes the major backbone of the root stock; in Arabidopsis, the embryonic root system formed by a simple primary root and its lateral roots remains(More)
The exocyst, an octameric tethering complex and effector of Rho and Rab GTPases, facilitates polarized secretion in yeast and animals. Recent evidence implicates three plant homologs of exocyst subunits (SEC3, SEC8, and EXO70A1) in plant cell morphogenesis. Here, we provide genetic, cell biological, and biochemical evidence that these and other predicted(More)
Maize has a complex root system composed of different root types formed during different stages of development. The rtcs (rootless concerning crown and seminal roots) mutant is impaired in the initiation of the embryonic seminal roots and the post-embryonic shoot-borne root system. The primary root of the mutant shows a reduced gravitropic response, while(More)
BACKGROUND Maize (Zea mays) forms a complex root system comprising embryonic and post-embryonic roots. The embryonically formed root system is made up of the primary root and a variable number of seminal roots. Later in development the post-embryonic shoot-borne root system becomes dominant and is responsible together with its lateral roots for the major(More)
In an approach to study lateral root development in monocots, genome-wide searches for homologs of the Gibberellic Acid Stimulated Transcript-like (GAST-like) gene family in rice (Oryza sativa) and maize (Zea mays) were carried out. Six novel GAST-like genes in rice and 10 members of the gene family in maize, which were designated ZmGSL (for Z. mays(More)
The monogenic recessive maize (Zea mays) mutant rootless with undetectable meristems 1 (rum1) is deficient in the initiation of the embryonic seminal roots and the postembryonic lateral roots at the primary root. Lateral root initiation at the shoot-borne roots and development of the aerial parts of the mutant rum1 are not affected. The mutant rum1 displays(More)
Typically, F(1)-hybrids are more vigorous than their homozygous, genetically distinct parents, a phenomenon known as heterosis. In the present study, the transcriptomes of the reciprocal maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids B73×Mo17 and Mo17×B73 and their parental inbred lines B73 and Mo17 were surveyed in primary roots, early in the developmental manifestation of(More)
Protein kinase C theta (PKC theta) is known to induce NF-kappa B, an essential transcriptional element in T cell receptor/CD28-mediated interleukin-2 production but also T cell survival. Here we provide evidence that PKC theta is physically and functionally coupled to Akt1 in this signaling pathway. First, T cell receptor/CD3 ligation was sufficient to(More)
The complex architecture and plasticity of the maize root system is controlled by a plethora of genes. Mutant analyses have identified genes regulating shoot-borne root initiation (RTCS) and root hair elongation (RTH1 and RTH3). Quantitative trait locus (QTL) studies have highlighted the importance of seminal roots, lateral roots, and root hairs in(More)