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Radiation therapy is an established modality in the treatment of head and neck cancer patients. Compromised wound healing in irradiated tissues is a common and challenging clinical problem. The pathophysiology and underlying cellular mechanisms including the complex interaction of cytokines and growth factors are still not understood completely. In this(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate in vertigo patients in routine practice to what extent a rapid and straightforward triple bedside test (spontaneous nystagmus, head-shaking nystagmus, and the head impulse test) can predict a normal result on caloric testing. STUDY DESIGN Prospective, single-blind, diagnostic study. SETTING Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS(More)
Hyperglycemia is the major cause of diabetic angiopathy. Aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of high glucose on cell growth and function of human "diabetic" endothelial cells (EC). Incubation of non-diabetic EC with glucose moderately inhibited cell growth and increased the expression of ICAM-1 and E-selectin. In the disease-specific EC, glucose(More)
The aim of this study was to find out whether objective analysis of snoring sounds (sound pressure level and psychoacoustic parameters) correlates with the subjective rating by participants with respect to perceived annoyance and hence whether it is useful. 43 participants, aged 22–65 years with normal hearing, were asked to rate 60 snoring sounds from(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS To test whether therapeutic effects of botulinum toxin A on patient- specific keloid tissue can be reproduced on the cellular level. Specifically, effects on cell proliferation and expression of growth factors and cytokines relevant for wound healing were to be tested. STUDY DESIGN Experimental study including patient specific cell(More)
BACKGROUND Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) products are currently suggested in the treatment of chronic wounds due to possible pro-angiogenic effects. Microvascular compromise represents the major component in radiogenic wound healing complications. The effects of PRP on irradiated cells of the cutaneous wound healing process are still poorly understood. (More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate possible botulinum toxin A effects in a cell culture model. METHODS In a cell culture model with dermal fibroblasts and microvascular endothelial cells, possible botulinum toxin A effects were evaluated. Cell proliferation and cytokine expression were analyzed using viability assays and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay techniques.(More)
OBJECTIVES The PI3K/AKT/mTOR signalling axis controls cell proliferation and survival and has achieved major importance as a target for cancer therapy. This investigation evaluated the expression of the major components P-AKT, P-mTOR, PI3K and P-S6rp in salivary gland cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS Immunohistochemical expression of P-AKT, P-mTOR, PI3K and(More)
Sedation or anesthesia is often necessary in pediatrics when magnetic resonance imaging is performed. This anesthesia outside of the operation room combines specific requirements and risks. Ferromagnetic foreign bodies are a clear contraindication for magnetic resonance imaging due to the high magnetic field within the scanner. However, insertion of various(More)
External radiation seems to be associated with increased amounts of cytokines and other cellular modulators. Impaired microcirculation and fibrosis are examples of typical long term damage caused by radiotherapy. Adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASC) are discussed to enhance wound healing, but their role in wounds due to radiotherapy is poorly understood.(More)