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This study aimed to investigate earlier Swedish and United States research which has shown that drivers tend to rate themselves as more skillful and less risky than the average driver, and to extend the range of driver characteristics on which such ratings are made. A total of 178 male and female drivers rated "me as a driver," "an average driver" and "a(More)
Numerous studies have focused on the factor structure of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) because its underlying structure, once identified, may improve our conceptualizations of the cognitive processes in depression. These studies have produced a wide range of interpretations for the BDI, yet the replicability of these factor solutions across(More)
CONTEXT The Palliative Care Outcome Scale (POS) is a widely used outcome measure in palliative care research, and has good psychometric properties. It has been used for clinical or research purposes in specialist cancer centers, nursing homes, day hospice units, and hospice settings in a growing number of countries. However, the POS has not yet been(More)
The Eating Disorders Inventory (EDI) is a promising new measure of the cognitive and behavioral characteristics of anorexia nervosa and bulimia, although the replicability of its eight subscales has not been evaluated. Therefore, a factor analysis of the EDI was carried out that used the FACTOREP procedure. The results, using non-patient responses, did not(More)
'Weight pathology'--defined by Kalucy et al. (1977) as 'deviations in weight, shape, eating behaviour and activity'--has been hypothesized to be unduly common in families with anorexia nervosa. It was investigated in this study by means of questionnaires evaluating both weight history and attitudes towards weight-related matters in 58 mothers of anorexia(More)
The Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) is widely used for assessing depression in neurorehabilitation. Given the concern that the somatic items might be misleading, we examined its factor structure in 353 inpatients. Exploratory factor analysis was undertaken to compare two- to five-factor solutions. Confirmatory factor analysis was then used to test the(More)
CONTEXT The incidence of life-limiting progressive disease in sub-Saharan Africa presents a significant clinical and public health challenge. The ability to easily measure patient outcomes is essential to improving care. OBJECTIVES The present study aims to determine the specific factors (if any) that underpin the African Palliative Care Association(More)
A factor replication procedure which provides a solution for the numbers of factors problem for multiple scale questionnaire responses, is described and demonstrated. In the procedure a series of factor analyses are conducted in which a reduced number of factors is used for each successive rotation until a structure is found which is replicated across(More)
The Internal-External control scales of Rotter and Levenson, and the Social Desirability scale of Marlowe and Crowne were completed by 71 male and 85 female students. Factor analysis clearly confirmed the three-factor structure underlying Levenson's questionnaire, while further analyses revealed close agreement with her findings on scale characteristics and(More)
Two propositions about attitudes, which have previously been supported with respect to the mentally ill, were examined with respect to AIDS patients. The first, that people attach a stigma to the AIDS patient, was strongly supported, and two quite independent components of the stigma were found. One of these components identified as dependence, was closely(More)