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Red blood cell (RBC) fractions were studied after separation of whole blood by means of counterflow centrifugation, Percoll column (Pharmacia, Uppsala, Sweden), and a combination of both separation techniques. Mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) were(More)
BACKGROUND Selective digestive tract decontamination (SDD) and selective oropharyngeal decontamination (SOD) are infection-prevention measures used in the treatment of some patients in intensive care, but reported effects on patient outcome are conflicting. METHODS We evaluated the effectiveness of SDD and SOD in a crossover study using cluster(More)
OBJECTIVES Early identification of potential recovery of postanoxic coma is a major challenge. We studied the additional predictive value of EEG. METHODS Two hundred seventy-seven consecutive comatose patients after cardiac arrest were included in a prospective cohort study on 2 intensive care units. Continuous EEG was measured during the first 3 days.(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to establish the reliability of neurologic examination, neuron-specific enolase (NSE), and median nerve somatosensory-evoked potentials (SEPs) to predict poor outcome in patients treated with mild hypothermia after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). METHODS This multicenter prospective cohort study included adult(More)
IMPORTANCE Brain injury affects neurologic function and quality of life in survivors after cardiac arrest. OBJECTIVE To compare the effects of 2 target temperature regimens on long-term cognitive function and quality of life after cardiac arrest. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS In this multicenter, international, parallel group, assessor-masked(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify reliable predictors of outcome in comatose patients after cardiac arrest using a single routine EEG and standardized interpretation according to the terminology proposed by the American Clinical Neurophysiology Society. METHODS In this cohort study, 4 EEG specialists, blinded to outcome, evaluated prospectively recorded EEGs in the(More)
BACKGROUND Target temperature management is recommended as a neuroprotective strategy after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Potential effects of different target temperatures on cognitive impairment commonly described in survivors have not been investigated sufficiently. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate whether a target temperature of 33°C(More)
INTRODUCTION Because of ongoing controversy, renal and vital outcomes are compared between systemically administered unfractionated heparin and regional anticoagulation with citrate-buffered replacement solution in predilution mode, during continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH) in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). METHODS In(More)
BACKGROUND Lactic acidosis in metformin use is a widely recognised but rare side effect. Case reports usually describe elderly patients with conditions which in themselves can cause lactic acidosis or with known contraindications to metformin. We present cases of an elderly woman, a younger woman and a man who developed serious metformin-induced lactic(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine costs and effects of selective digestive tract decontamination (SDD) and selective oropharyngeal decontamination (SOD) as compared with standard care (ie, no SDD/SOD (SC)) from a healthcare perspective in Dutch Intensive Care Units (ICUs). DESIGN A post hoc analysis of a previously performed cluster-randomised trial (NEJM(More)