Frank Grosse

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Albeit silks are fairly well understood on a molecular level, their hierarchical organisation and the full complexity of constituents in the spun fibre remain poorly defined. Here we link morphological defined structural elements in dragline silk of Nephila clavipes to their biochemical composition and physicochemical properties. Five layers of different(More)
During mitosis, the phosphatidylinositol-3 (PI-3) family-related DNA damage checkpoint kinases ATM and ATR were found on the centrosomes of human cells. ATRIP, an interaction partner of ATR, as well as Chk1 and Chk2, the downstream targets of ATR or ATM, were also localized to the centrosomes. Surprisingly, the DNA-PK inhibitor vanillin enhanced the level(More)
Spider silk is predominantly composed of structural proteins called spider fibroins or spidroins. The major ampullate silk that forms the dragline and the cobweb's frame threads of Nephila clavipes is believed to be a composite of two spidroins, designated as Masp 1 and 2. Specific antibodies indeed revealed the presence of Masp 1 and 2 specific epitopes in(More)
Human DHX9 helicase, also known as nuclear DNA helicase II (NDH II) and RNA helicase A (RHA), belongs to the SF2 superfamily of nucleic acid unwinding enzymes. DHX9 melts simple DNA-DNA, RNA-RNA, and DNA-RNA strands with a 3'-5' polarity; despite this little is known about its substrate specificity. Here, we used partial duplex DNA consisting of M13mp18 DNA(More)
An RNA-dependent association of Ku antigen with nuclear DNA helicase II (NDH II), alternatively named RNA helicase A (RHA), was found in nuclear extracts of HeLa cells by immunoprecipitation and by gel filtration chromatography. Both Ku antigen and NDH II were associated with hnRNP complexes. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis showed that Ku antigen was(More)
A major issue of current virology concerns the characterization of cellular proteins that operate as functional components of the viral multiplication process. Here we describe a group of host factors designated as 'NFAR proteins' that are recruited by the replication machinery of bovine viral diarrhea virus, a close relative of the human pathogen hepatitis(More)
Spider dragline silk is a proteinaceous fiber with remarkable mechanical properties that make it attractive for technical applications. Unfortunately, the material cannot be obtained in large quantities from spiders. We have therefore generated transgenic tobacco and potato plants that express remarkable amounts of recombinant Nephila clavipes dragline(More)
Eukaryotic initiation of DNA replication is a tightly regulated process. In the yeasts, S-phase-specific cyclin Cdk1 complex as well as Dfb4-Cdc7 kinase phosphorylate the initiation factors Sld2 and Sld3. These factors form a ternary complex with another initiation factor Dbp11 in their phosphorylated state, and associate with the origin of replication.(More)
The cell division cycle protein 45 (Cdc45) represents an essential replication factor that, together with the Mcm2-7 complex and the four subunits of GINS, forms the replicative DNA helicase in eukaryotes. Recombinant human Cdc45 (hCdc45) was structurally characterized and its DNA-binding properties were determined. Synchrotron radiation circular dichroism(More)
The accurate and timely duplication of the genome is a major task for eukaryotic cells. This process requires the cooperation of multiple factors to ensure the stability of the genetic information of each cell. Mutations, rearrangements, or loss of chromosomes can be detrimental to a single cell as well as to the whole organism, causing failures, disease,(More)