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Menger's Theorem for digraphs states that for any two vertex sets A and B of a digraph D such that A cannot be separated from B by a set of at most t vertices, there are t + 1 disjoint A-B-paths in D. Here a short and elementary proof of a more general theorem is given. For terminology and notation not deened here we refer to 1]. Recall that for a directed… (More)

Let F be a set of graphs and for a graph G let α F (G) and α * F (G) denote the maximum order of an induced subgraph of G which does not contain a graph in F as a subgraph and which does not contain a graph in F as an induced subgraph, respectively. Lower bounds on α F (G) and α * F (G) and algorithms realizing them are presented.

For c 2 and k minfc; 3g, guaranteed upper bounds on the length of a shortest cycle through k prescribed vertices of a c-connected graph are proved. Analogous results on planar graphs are presented, too.

For a set X of vertices of a graph fulfilling local connectedness conditions the existence of a cycle containing X is proved.

In analogy to the absolute algebraic connectivity of Fiedler, we study the problem of minimizing the maximum eigenvalue of the Laplacian of a graph by redistributing the edge weights. Via semidefinite duality this leads to a graph realization problem in which nodes should be placed as close as possible to the origin while adjacent nodes must keep a distance… (More)