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Andersen's syndrome is characterized by periodic paralysis, cardiac arrhythmias, and dysmorphic features. We have mapped an Andersen's locus to chromosome 17q23 near the inward rectifying potassium channel gene KCNJ2. A missense mutation in KCNJ2 (encoding D71V) was identified in the linked family. Eight additional mutations were identified in unrelated(More)
Sick sinus syndrome (SSS) describes an arrhythmia phenotype attributed to sinus node dysfunction and diagnosed by electrocardiographic demonstration of sinus bradycardia or sinus arrest. Although frequently associated with underlying heart disease and seen most often in the elderly, SSS may occur in the fetus, infant, and child without apparent cause. In(More)
BACKGROUND Adverse-event reports from North America have raised concern that the use of drugs for attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) increases the risk of serious cardiovascular events. METHODS We conducted a retrospective cohort study with automated data from four health plans (Tennessee Medicaid, Washington State Medicaid, Kaiser Permanente(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital long-QT syndrome (LQTS) is an inherited condition of abnormal cardiac excitability characterized clinically by an increased risk of ventricular tachyarrhythmias. One form, LQT3, is caused by mutations in the cardiac voltage-dependent sodium channel gene, SCN5A. Only 5 SCN5A mutations have been associated with LQTS, and more work is(More)
Andersen-Tawil syndrome (ATS) is a rare condition consisting of ventricular arrhythmias, periodic paralysis, and dysmorphic features. In 2001, mutations in KCNJ2, which encodes the a subunit of the potassium channel Kir2.1, were identified in patients with ATS. To date, KCNJ2 is the only gene implicated in ATS, accounting for approximately 60% of cases. ATS(More)
The potential for proarrhythmic responses to the class IC sodium channel-blocking drugs encainide and flecainide has not been well described in young patients. Therefore, data were retrospectively collected from 36 institutions regarding 579 young patients who were administered encainide or flecainide for treatment of supraventricular tachycardias(More)
Forty-seven catheter ablation procedures for intra-atrial reentry tachycardia were performed in 40 patients with palliated congenital heart disease. The acute success rate was 87% and the recurrence rate was 34% during an average follow-up of 36 months. Of those patients who had recurrence, 88% did so within 1 year of ablation. Of the 23 patients who were(More)
Congenital long QT syndrome may be transmitted as either an autosomal dominant or recessive trait. Two families with the autosomal recessive Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome (JLNS), and one family with the autosomal dominant Romano-Ward syndrome (RWS) were evaluated for mutations in KCNQ1. Two different novel frameshift mutations were discovered in one of(More)