Frank Fiedrich

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In this paper the author presents a distributed simulation system for disaster response activities based on the High Level Architecture (HLA). This simulation system focuses on resource management issues including the allocation of scarce response resources to operational areas and it consists of three major components: (1) simulators for the disaster(More)
Skill in improvising enables emergency management personnel to make creative decisions under time constraint, even when risks are high. It therefore complements skill in plan-following, which is particularly appropriate when the current emergency is similar to a past one. This paper develops recommendations on how to use Information Technology (IT) in the(More)
n recent years agent technology has been successfully applied to many different domains such as e-commerce , control systems, and information gathering and management. Because this technology features the use of artificial intelligence to coordinate collabo-rative behavior in distributed systems, it supplies a powerful basis for proactive applications in(More)
The first three days after an earthquake disaster demand good decisions in a very complex environment. Members of emergency operation centres (EOC) have to make decisions with limited information and under high time pressure. But the first 72 hours of disaster response activities are essential to minimize loss of life. Within the interdisciplinary German(More)
This paper explores the design of training environments in which emergency response professionals can use information technologies to train for responding to unplanned-for situations. This approach—designing for improvisation—is fundamentally different than designing for plan execution. In this paper, we identify three dimensions of this difference and(More)
The resilience mechanisms of Critical Infrastructures (CIs) are often hard to understand due to system complexity. With rising research interest, models are developed to reduce this complexity. However, these models imply reductions and limitations. According to the level of observation, models either focus on effects in a CI system or on effects in a(More)
1 Assessing the Impact of Crowd Tasking Apps on Resuscitation Success: The Case of Sudden Cardiac Arrests in Germany; Simone Wurster, Fachgebiet Innovations Economics, Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany Michael Klafft, Department of Management Information Technology, Jade University of Applied Sciences, Wilhelmshaven, Germany Frank Fiedrich,(More)
Copyright © 2009, IGI Global. Copying or distributing in print or electronic forms without written permission of IGI Global is prohibited. Early last May, more than 200 people gathered in Washington DC for the fifth annual meeting of the ISCRAM R&D community – with ISCRAM short for Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management. Academics,(More)
Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) is among the three most prominent causes of death in industrialized nations. Therefore, experts are calling for solutions, including smartphone-based systems to mobilize volunteers. German researchers are developing a crisis response system with a crowd tasking app. It aims to help reduce the effects of large-scale events, but(More)